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Crystal Garden

701-11 Douglas Street, Victoria, Colombie-Britannique, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1995/01/19

Exterior view of Crystal Gardens; City of Victoria, 2004
View looking southwest, 2004
Pas d'image
Pas d'image

Autre nom(s)


Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction

1924/01/01 à 1925/01/01

Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2004/08/17

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

Crystal Garden is a one-storey glass and steel structure on the corner of Belleville and Douglas Streets in Victoria, B.C.

Valeur patrimoniale

Crystal Garden is significant because of the role it has played in the social development of Victoria since the early twentieth century. Built in 1925 to provide the city with its first indoor swimming pool and converted into a conservatory in 1980, it is notable that this facility has remained contemporary to the recreational and social activities of the municipality. The year-round use of this steel and glass structure was unique in Canada at the time of its construction, and was made possible by its state-of-the-art heating system. Commissioned by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) to entertain visitors to the city, this facility is also representative of the development of tourism in Victoria, and continues to attract tourists to the area. Its prominent corner position provides continuity to the streetscape of tourist-related buildings that extend outwards from the Inner Harbour.

The architectural value of Crystal Garden resides in its distinctive design and its landmark presence. Designed by Francis Mawson Rattenbury and P.L. James, two of Victoria's most notable architects, the 'crystal palace' appearance is unique among buildings in Victoria and is defined by its distinctive glass roof and horizontal massing. It is notable that this design for the CPR went back to Rattenbury's triumphs from an earlier era, as it extends his vision for the Inner Harbour. Crystal Garden is a reflection of the nineteenth century industrial world of steel - reminiscent of railway architecture - and the genteel traditions of glass-enclosed spaces.

Source: City of Victoria Planning and Development Department

Éléments caractéristiques

The character-defining elements of the Crystal Garden include its:
- horizontal form and rectangular massing
- prominent corner position and Douglas Street commercial storefronts
- reinforced steel construction and pitched glass roof
- brick bearing walls and concrete raft foundation
- classical exterior detailing




Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (C.-B.)

Loi habilitante

Local Government Act, art.954

Type de reconnaissance

Répertoire du patrimoine communautaire

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Exprimer la vie intellectuelle et culturelle
Les sports et les loisirs

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction


Commerce / Services commerciaux
Magasin ou commerce de vente au détail


Piscine ou plage

Architecte / Concepteur

Percy Leonard James


Lord and Burnham

Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

City of Victoria Planning and Development Department

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées



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