Home / Accueil

Province House

165 Richmond Street, Charlottetown, Île-du-Prince-Édouard, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 2004/05/18

Showing neoclassical elements; Province of PEI
Back Elevation facing University Avenue
Coloured Postcard Image of Provincial Building on Queen's Square, Charlottetown, early 1900s; Unknown
Side Elevation
Pas d'image

Autre nom(s)

Prince Edward Island Legislative Building
Province House

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction

1843/01/01 à 1847/01/01

Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2004/10/01

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

Province House, a National Historic Site, is a major heritage resource in Prince Edward Island. It is centrally located at the heart of Queen's Square at the foot of Great George Street in Charlottetown, the capital of PEI. The 3 storey building is constructed in the Neoclassical style. The designation includes the footprint of the building.

Valeur patrimoniale

Province House stands as a monument to the ingenuity of local artisans in Prince Edward Island in the mid-19th Century. Constructed by Issac Smith, a local architect, this Neo-Classical gem was completed in 1847. It was a bicameral design, housing both the legislative assembly (elected) and the legislative council (appointed) on the second floor. The PEI Supreme Court was also housed in the building until 1872. As the political centre of the province, Province House has also been the focal point for numerous public events including royal visits and public demonstrations. The most famous event associated with the building is the meetings held in September 1864 of delegates from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and the Canadas to debate the efficacy of joining together in a new country. These meetings occurred in the Legislative Council chamber on the second floor. The building is currently restored to the era of the 1860s and is operated by Parks Canada. It continues to be the focal point of political life in the province and historically has served as the "cradle of Confederation" when the union of the British North American colonies was first debated there in 1864 - leading to the creation of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.

Source: PEI Heritage Advisory Committee Files

Éléments caractéristiques

The Neo-Classical elements of Province House give character to the structure and should be preserved:

- Italian-renaissance motifs of its temple-like portico which visually organizes the facade into three equal portions

- 4 pedimented windows on the second floor

- corresponding regular windows on the third floor

- four doric columns which range from the second floor to the roof

- the wide oval doorway framed by two fluted columns on the ground floor

- the three over three windows on either side of the portico




Autorité de reconnaissance

Province de l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard

Loi habilitante

Heritage Places Protection Act

Type de reconnaissance

Endroit historique désigné

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Gouverner le Canada
Gouverner et le processus politique

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction



Édifice législatif

Architecte / Concepteur

Issac Smith



Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Located in the Culture and Heritage Division, Department of Community and Cultural Affairs, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7N8 File #: 4320-20/P

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées

165 Richmond Street / Province House

165 Richmond Street / Province House

Province House is a Classical Revival style public building constructed of Nova Scotia sandstone located in historic Queen Square. The building has housed the legislature since…


Recherche avancéeRecherche avancée
Trouver les lieux prochesTROUVER LES LIEUX PROCHES ImprimerIMPRIMER
Lieux proches