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476 Queen Street, Charlottetown, Île-du-Prince-Édouard, C1A, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1999/08/25

Newlands; City of Charlottetown, Natalie Munn, 2007
Showing south east elevation
Newlands; City of Charlottetown, Natalie Munn, 2007
Showing south west elevation
Photograph; PEI Public Archives and Records Office
Hon. Joseph Hensley, Premier of PEI in 1869

Autre nom(s)


Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction

1850/01/01 à 1860/01/01

Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2005/01/06

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

Newlands is a 19th Century Georgian-inspired residence built in an area once known as the Charlottetown Royalty. Originally sited on a substantial property, it is now surrounded by a post-1960 residential development. The designation encompasses the building exterior and parcel; it does not include the building interior.

Valeur patrimoniale

The heritage value of Newlands lies in its association with the Hon. Joseph Hensley (1824-1884); its overall form, scale, and proportions; and its evocation of early settlement in the area known as Charlottetown Royalty.

Joseph Hensley, lawyer, office holder, politician and judge, emigrated from England with his family at the age of sixteen. The son of a retired naval officer, Hensley's early experience of Prince Edward Island was as a member of Charlottetown's conservative-minded social elite. Despite this upbringing, Hensley did not side with the conservative faction when he entered politics, choosing instead the Reformers of George Coles. Serving as attorney general for a number of years, Hensley would later briefly fill the role of Premier and leader of the government. In 1869, Hensley was appointed assistant judge of the Supreme Court of PEI and vice-chancellor of the Court of Chancery. Hutchinson's Directory of 1864 lists Joseph Hensley, barrister, as living at Newlands on the Malpeque Road(University Avenue), reminding us of a time before the extension of Queen Street on which the house now sits.

The exterior of Newlands retains the overall symmetry, proportion and scale of a Georgian-influenced residence. This simple, classically-inspired architecture remained popular in Charlottetown long after the Georgian era and was the first choice for substantial residences into the 1860s. A first floor addition on the western façade was added at an unknown date.

Likely built in the early 1850s by Joseph Hensley's father Charles, Newlands once sat on a property of approximately 24 acres. It was one of a number of substantial properties located in what was known at the time as the Charlottetown Royalty. The Royalty had been set aside in the 1770s to provide farmland for the early citizens of Charlottetown. In time, a number of families of some wealth and prestige established estates in the Royalty, the properties serving either as their principal residences or as semi-rural retreats. In the 1960s, the area surrounding Newlands was subdivided for residential development. The house remains distinctive, however, not only because of its style, but because of its orientation. Like many of the estate houses of its day, it was built with a Southern front elevation. Because of this it sits sideways to the street, and in contrast to its western-facing neighbours.

Source: Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2
- Heritage Database Record #1222

Éléments caractéristiques

Character-defining elements of Newlands include:

-the rectangular plan
-the symmetrical front façade of five bays
-the pitch of the gable roof
-the simple cornices with gable end returns
-the size and style of the sash windows
-the simple corner boards
-the wooden-shingle siding
-the material and form of the western first-floor addition
-the overall Georgian influenced symmetry, proportion, and scale of the building




Autorité de reconnaissance

Ville de Charlottetown

Loi habilitante

City of Charlottetown Zoning and Development Bylaw

Type de reconnaissance

Ressource patrimoniale

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Gouverner le Canada
Gouverner et le processus politique

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction


Édifice à logements multiples



Architecte / Concepteur




Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2 - Heritage Database Record #1222

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




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