Home / Accueil


8120 Jasper Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta, T5H, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1987/05/06

Sheriff Robertson House Provincial Historic Resource, Edmonton (1921); Glenbow Archives, NC-6-7094
South elevation
Sheriff Robertson House Provincial Historic Resource, Edmonton (April 2000); Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, 2000
View looking northwest
Sheriff Robertson House Provincial Historic Resource, Edmonton (April 2000); Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, 2000
South elevation

Autre nom(s)

Robertson's House
Robertson Residence
Robertson House
Sheriff Robertson's House
Sheriff Robertson Residence
Scott Robertson's House
Gordon E. Winkler Residence

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2006/03/22

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

Sheriff Robertson House is an early twentieth century, one and one-half storey building situated on two lots in Edmonton's Cromdale neighbourhood. An excellent representation of the Prairie Style of architectural design, the building features a cross-shaped plan, prominent octagonal skylight, and porte cochere.

Valeur patrimoniale

The primary heritage value of the Sheriff Robertson House lies in its fine embodiment of the Prairie Style of architecture. The home is one of the earliest and most northerly models of Frank Lloyd Wright's celebrated design style. The site also possesses value for its association with Walter Scott Robertson, a pioneering businessman, prominent community leader, and lawman in Edmonton.

The Prairie Style of architecture emerged at the turn of the twentieth century as a translation of the aesthetic of the Chicago School of commercial architecture into residential design. The style was intimately associated with Frank Lloyd Wright, the brilliant American architect whose simplicity of vision and emphasis upon natural materials deeply influenced North American design aesthetics. Popularized through house plans in publications like "House Beautiful", the Prairie Style was embodied in homes across the continent in the early decades of the twentieth century. The Sheriff Robertson home is one of the earliest Canadian examples of this style and one of the most northerly. Designed by architect Alfred Marigon Calderon, the home expresses the elegant, simple, and natural aesthetic of the Prairie Style in its gently sloping hipped roof and broad eave overhangs, its geometric massing and fluid interior layout, and its unostentatious decorative elements, including corbelled porch pillars and chimney stacks. At the time of its construction in 1913, the Sheriff Robertson House was one of the most architecturally unique constructions in Edmonton. The interior was no less distinctive, featuring a baronial fireplace, tiffany lamps, and elegant wooden mouldings, trims, and furnishings.

Walter Scott Robertson arrived in Edmonton from eastern Canada in 1881. Enchanted by the North Saskatchewan River and the surrounding country, he established a general store in Edmonton and invested in the local real estate market. His appointment as Deputy Sheriff of the Edmonton District in 1884 and his subsequent elevation to the role of Edmonton's Sheriff after the creation of the Province of Alberta in 1905 suggests Robertson's social stature as a businessman and civic leader. He was also a patron of the arts, owning an opera house and encouraging the development of a local cultural scene. By 1913, his successes had enabled him to commission a uniquely elegant retirement home overlooking the North Saskatchewan River. Robertson had little time to enjoy his new accommodations. He passed away in 1915; his family continued to live in the residence until 1919.

Source: Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch (File: Des. 172)

Éléments caractéristiques

The character-defining elements of Sheriff Robertson House include such features as:
- mass, form, and style;
- gently sloped hipped roof with wide eave overhangs and exposed rafter ends;
- red brown stretcher bond brick facade;
- cruciform design;
- corbelled brick pillars and chimneys;
- octagonal skylight cupola featuring leaded glass windows;
- porte cochere supported by corbelled brick columns and featuring broad eaves and exposed rafters;
- sweeping semi-circular driveway through the porte cochere;
- fieldstone fencing, pillars, and column foundations;
- broad front verandah featuring wooden column supports and recessed, concave entrance area;
- fenestration pattern and style;
- arrangement and style of doors, including front door featuring wooden geometric pattern, flanked by sidelights, and crowned with a fanlight;
- sills and lintels;
- original floorplan;
- recessed loveseat alcove;
- original flooring, doors, staircases, wainscoting, mouldings, trims, fixtures, and furnishings;
- original light fixtures, including tiffany lamps and wooden chandelier;
- original light switches, radiators, and curtain rails;
- original mounted animal heads, including buffalo head above baronial fireplace;
- original fireplaces, including stone baronial fireplace incorporating wooden shelving;
- fieldstone pillars and rough-faced sandstone fence in front of the house;
- original landscape elements, including spruce trees;
- unobstructed view of North Saskatchewan River valley.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Province de l'Alberta

Loi habilitante

Historical Resources Act

Type de reconnaissance

Ressource historique provinciale

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes

1913/01/01 à 1919/01/01

Thème - catégorie et type

Exprimer la vie intellectuelle et culturelle
L'architecture et l'aménagement

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction



Logement unifamilial

Architecte / Concepteur

Alfred M. Calderon


W.J. Carter

Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, Old St. Stephen's College, 8820 - 112 Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P8 (File: Des. 172)

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées



Recherche avancéeRecherche avancée
Trouver les lieux prochesTROUVER LES LIEUX PROCHES ImprimerIMPRIMER
Lieux proches