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226 Water Street Municipal Heritage Building

St. John's, Terre-Neuve et Labrador, A1C, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1989/07/21

View of main facade of the Royal Bank, 226 Water Street, St. John's, NL.  Taken February 2005.; HFNL 2005/ Deborah O'Rielly
The Royal Bank, St. John's, NL.
Detail of interior Corinthian pillar with heavy ceiling moldings.  There are several pillars located inside the building, and the ceiling is divided by heavy moldings as shown.  Photo taken September 2006.; HFNL/ Deborah O'Rielly 2006
Detail, 226 Water Street
View from south side of Water Street, showing front facade of 226 Water Street.  Image shows the symmetry in the monumental ornamentation.  Photo taken September 2006.; HFNL/ Deborah O'Rielly 2006.
front facade, 226 Water Street

Autre nom(s)


Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction

1892/01/01 à 1893/01/01

Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2006/11/08

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Royal Bank is a stone building in the Classical Revival style located at 226 Water Street, St. John's, NL. It is a large building that occupies an area of downtown St. John’s in which several other banking institutions are also present. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Valeur patrimoniale

226 Water Street has been designated a City of St. John’s Municipal Heritage Building because of its architectural and historic values.

226 Water Street is aesthetically valuable because it is a very fine example of the Classical Revival architectural style. This is evident in the symmetrical façade and balanced use of decorations. Classical details, such as pilasters, dentils, columns, urns and fret work express the institutional nature of this bank building, while also emphasizing the importance of the financial institution. 226 Water Street is faced with a lightly colored cut ashlar, and stands apart from surrounding buildings because of its color and high level of decoration. The size of the building is also another distinguishing feature, set off by the very large plate glass windows on the first level. The main entrance is recessed and columns flank each side of the opening.

226 Water Street is historically valuable because it is considered the oldest existing “foreign” branch In Canada. The bank opened in St. John’s in 1895, the year the colony’s banks failed. Then called the Merchants Bank of Halifax, the Royal Bank opened an agency in Water Street to assist in the restoration of essential banking services. It remained the only branch on the island until 1911.

Source: City of St. John's Archives property file 226 Water Street, Royal Bank.

Éléments caractéristiques

All elements that reflect the building's Classical Revival design, including:
-symmetry and use of pilasters, columns, dentils urns and fret work in the decoration of the facade of the building;
-light coloured ashlar sheathing;
-shape, size, decoration, and placement of windows;
-brackets under the first storey windows;
-second entrance with its recessed doorway and transom; and
-size, location and dimensions of building.



Terre-Neuve et Labrador

Autorité de reconnaissance

Ville de St. John's

Loi habilitante

City of St. John's Act

Type de reconnaissance

Terre, structure ou édifice patrimonial de la ville de St. John's

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Exprimer la vie intellectuelle et culturelle
L'architecture et l'aménagement

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction



Commerce / Services commerciaux
Banque ou bourse

Architecte / Concepteur




Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

City of St. John's Archives, 3rd Floor Railway Coastal Museum, 495 Water Street, P.O. Box 908, St. John's, NL A1C 5M2

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées



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