Home / Accueil

Anglican Cathedral of St. John The Baptist Municipal Heritage Building

St. John's, Terre-Neuve et Labrador, A1C, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1989/07/21

View of the Anglican Cathedral from Cathedral Street, with a view of a corner of the Gower Street Methodist Church on the left, and the old wooden chapel, pre-1892.; Centre for Newfoundland Studies photo 2.02.003
Anglican Cathedral, St. John's, NL
Anglican Cathedral, interior view, date and photographer unknown, possibly pre-20th century.; Centre for Newfoundland Studies photo 2.02.009
Anglican Cathedral, St. John's, NL
Exterior photo of the Anglican Cathedral, St. John's, NL, showing the south facade and transept, circa 2004.; HFNL/Dale Jarvis 2006
Anglican Cathedral, St. John's, NL

Autre nom(s)


Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2007/09/25

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Anglican Cathedral of St. John the Baptist is a stone, English Gothic Revival church built on a hill in downtown St. John’s. It is located at 16 Church Hill and is bound on all sides by city streets. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Valeur patrimoniale

The Anglican Cathedral of St. John the Baptist was designated for its historic and aesthetic values.

The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist has historic value because it is the oldest Anglican parish in North America, founded in 1699 by Reverend John Jackson. Between 1699 and 1905 an estimated seven churches built of wood and, later, stone, were built on or near the site of the Cathedral, including the present one. In 1720 the first of three wooden churches to occupy the site of the present Cathedral was built. In 1839 the parish was elevated to diocesan status as the Diocese of Newfoundland; the parish church had become the diocesan Cathedral.

In 1844 Edward Feild became Bishop of St. John the Baptist Cathedral, succeeding Bishop George Aubrey Spencer. Spencer had commissioned the construction of a stone cathedral and a cornerstone was laid August 24, 1843. However, during the Great Fire of 1846 the wooden crating that held the Irish limestone purchased for the construction ignited and reduced most of the stone to chalk. When Bishop Feild assumed his position he put measures into place to re-dedicate the foundation stone and complete the church. Feild commissioned a new design from the noted English architect Sir George Gilbert Scott. The nave was built between 1847 and 1850 and it alone served as the Cathedral church for thirty years until the transepts and choir were begun in 1880 and consecrated in 1885.

During the episcopate of the fourth bishop, Llewellyn Jones, the Cathedral was almost destroyed in the Great Fire of 1892, and rebuilt under his leadership. This fire, which consumed much of St. John’s, was equally devastating to the church. Timbers burned, the roof collapsed, the nave was destroyed, the clerestories fell and all but one stained glass window were destroyed. Restoration of the church commenced in 1893 and the choir and transepts were rebuilt first. This part served as a place of worship until the reconstruction of the nave, which was begun in 1902 and re-dedicated in 1905.

In 1984 the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist was the recipient of the Southcott Award by the Newfoundland Historic Trust for architectural excellence. The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist has aesthetic value because it is one of the finest examples of stone, Gothic Revival church architecture in the province. Built following the plans of Gilbert Scott, son of Sir George Scott, the building is an extraordinary expression of the Church’s desire for a “proper” cathedral building. The Cathedral is built in English Gothic Revival style based on a Latin cross plan. The vaulting in the transept and choir ceilings was raised beyond that of the nave. The rock used in the building is white, fine-grained sandstone which was imported, dressed, from Scotland. Approximately 7500 tons of Newfoundland quarried bluestone was used in the building of the walls.

Other architectural features are the clerestory, the buttresses, the triple lancet windows and a slate roof. The multi-gables have finials at their peaks and there are round windows located prominently in each gable end and there is a rose window above the High Altar. The Cathedral has numerous gargoyles and carvings; these include sculptures of actual people prominent in the Diocese, the nation and the Empire during the construction of the church, such as Queen Victoria. The oldest gargoyle located in the south transept is approximately 1000 years old; it came from the roof of Bristol Cathedral. The Cathedral also has numerous other plaques, relics, and historic pieces of stonework, as well as a museum and archives.

Source: City of St. John's, meeting held 1989/07/21

Éléments caractéristiques

All those elements that embody the Gothic Revival style of architecture, including:
-mixed stone construction;
-steeply pitched gable roofs with slate shingles;
-lancet windows;
-clerestory and buttresses;
-round windows; and
-gargoyles and other sculptures.



Terre-Neuve et Labrador

Autorité de reconnaissance

Ville de St. John's

Loi habilitante

Newfoundland and Labrador Urban and Rural Planning Act

Type de reconnaissance

City of St. John's Heritage Building

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Exprimer la vie intellectuelle et culturelle
L'architecture et l'aménagement

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction



Religion, rituel et funéraille
Centre religieux ou lieu de culte

Architecte / Concepteur

Sir George Gilbert Scott


William Hay

Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1 Springdale Street, P.O. Box 5171, St. John's, NL, A1C 5V5

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées

Interior view

Lieu historique national du Canada de la Cathédrale-Anglicane-St. John the Baptist

Le lieu historique national du Canada de la Cathédrale-Anglicane-St. John the Baptist est une magnifique cathédrale en pierre austère, de style néo-gothique. Située à flanc de…

General view

Lieu historique national du Canada de l'Arrondissement-Religieux-de-St. John's

Le lieu historique national du Canada de l’Arrondissement Religieux de St. John’s est une large parcelle de terre linéaire qui se trouve à St. John’s, à Terre Neuve et qui…


Recherche avancéeRecherche avancée
Trouver les lieux prochesTROUVER LES LIEUX PROCHES ImprimerIMPRIMER
Lieux proches