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10440 - 108 Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta, T5H, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 2004/08/31

View of main entrance and principal facade of the Prince of Wales Armouries (January 2005); City of Edmonton, 2005
Principal facade
Pas d'image
Pas d'image

Autre nom(s)

Edmonton Drill Hall

Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction

1913/01/01 à 1915/01/01

Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2008/03/06

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The Prince of Wales Armouries is a massive brick and sandstone structure with distinctive corner towers evocative of medieval castle design. A steel superstructure supporting a large convex roof accommodates the clear span required for the purpose-built military drill hall interior. Its impressive massing sits comfortably on the five-acre institutional site just north of 108th Avenue at 104th Street.

Valeur patrimoniale

Completed in 1915 for Department of National Defense, the Prince of Wales Armouries building (also known as the Edmonton Drill Hall) is significant for its role as Edmonton's long-term training facility for Canada's armed forces and for its contribution to the organization and mobilization of Canada's military. The Drill Hall became the home of a number of prominent regiments, such as the 51st battalion and the 233rd French-Canadian Battalion during the First World War. It later served as a base for the 101st Edmonton Fusiliers, the Loyal Edmonton Regiment and the 49th Regiment. The Drill Hall was renamed the Prince of Wales Armouries in 1921 and was used as a military training site by the Department of National Defence until 1977.

The Prince of Wales Armouries building is significant for its scale, massing and distinctive Baronial Gothic style. It also has heritage value for its association with a highly successful Edmonton architect. Two architects were involved in the building's design and construction; E.C. Hopkins, who was hired as the local architect, and D.E Ewart, the architect for the Federal Department of Public Works. Hopkins, Alberta's first Provincial Architect and founder of the Alberta Association of Architects, had a distinguished career and was responsible for the design of several significant Edmonton landmarks including; Great West Saddlery Company Building, Pantages Theatre, Marshall Wells Building, the Horne Pitfield Building and the Balmoral Block.

Source: City of Edmonton (Bylaw: 13465)

Éléments caractéristiques

The character-defining elements of the Prince of Wales Armouries as expressed in:
- the form, massing, and materials of the 1915 brick and stone facades;
- two-storey front elevation with prominent central entrance;
- the projecting central doorway entry with a sandstone arch, flanking brick piers topped with sandstone cannonballs and name plaque with the words "DRILL HALL " and above "AD 1913 ARMOURIES" around a crest which forms part of the parapet;
- the south central projecting walls on each side of the main entrance with stone triangular parapet features that sit between the crenellations;
- the rear doorway with the name plaque "DRILL HALL" in the stone banding;
- the bastion towers with bartizan turrets, brick machicolation detailing, crenellation detail in the battlements, and projecting mock bastions;
- the stone arch doorways in the towers;
- the timber principal exterior doors;
- the fenestration pattern and windows styles such as the recessed four-over-four windows;
- stone capped parapets with crenellation features above the towers, turrets and central entrance;
- the flat arch lintels and stone sills;
- the continuous smooth stone banding at the foundation level and below the parapet level and the rough edge sandstone base;
- the convex roof supported by arched steel trusses and brick gable ends with large multi-paned, half-arched windows spanning the width of the drill hall;
- flag poles on the east and west towers.




Autorité de reconnaissance

Administrations locales (Alb.)

Loi habilitante

Historical Resources Act

Type de reconnaissance

Ressource historique municipal

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes


Thème - catégorie et type

Gouverner le Canada
L'histoire militaire et la défense

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction


Bureau ou édifice à bureau


Manège militaire, salle d'exercices ou arsenal

Architecte / Concepteur

D.E Ewart


Lyall and Sons Construction Company Limited Montreal

Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

City of Edmonton, Planning and Development Department, 10250 - 101 Street, Edmonton, AB T5J 3P4 (File: 659368-003)

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées

North and east elevations


The Prince of Wales Armoury is an early twentieth-century, two-storey, rectangular brick building, located on a parcel of 0.96 hectares just north of the commercial centre of…


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