Kentville Research Station, Research Station
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Research Station, also known as Building 5 and the Main Barn, is built into the sloping terrain at the Kentville Research Station. It is a large, timber-frame structure, with a metal, gabled roof and shed-roofed additions on each side. The building is distinguished by its red-painted clapboard exterior and small windows and white trim. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Research Station is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
The Research Station is closely associated with Canada’s Experimental Farm system, which began in 1886 as a response to the country’s expanding agricultural needs. The Research Station, originally a dairy barn, is an example of early efforts by the federal government to promote and assist agriculture in Canada. The Kentville Research Station is directly linked to the economic heart of the Annapolis Valley and has had a positive impact on the apple growing industry.
The Research Station is a good example of a bank barn as evidenced in its proportions, fenestration, materials, framing and construction. It exhibits the typical vertical orientation of the bank barn design with a gabled roof and two shed-roofed additions. It is also a good example of functional design as its active service has shifted focus from husbandry to horticulture.
The Research Station reinforces the present character of the agricultural farm setting at the Kentville Research Station. It is a familiar and regional landmark.
Sources: Fern Graham, Blair House (Building 18), Main Barn (Building 5), Sheffield House (Building 29), Kentville Research Station, Kentville, Nova Scotia, Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 93-076; Main Barn (Building 5), Kentville Research Station, Kentville, Nova Scotia, Heritage Character Statement, 93-076.
The character-defining elements of the Research Station should be respected.
Its bank barn design, functional design and good craftsmanship, for example:
- the vertical orientation of the structure with a gabled roof and two-shed roofed additions
on each side;
- the timber-frame construction;
- the narrow-gauge red-painted clapboard with contrasting white-painted trim and metal
- the small six-over-six wood sash windows.
The manner in which the Research Station is compatible with the character of its agricultural farm setting at the Kentville Research Station and is a well known landmark in the region, as evidenced by:
- its bank barn design, size and materials, which complements rural setting and
harmonizes with other buildings at the research station;
- its prominence and visibility given its location at the top of a slope which contributes to
its status as a landmark in the region.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Recognized Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Health and Research
- Research Facility
Architect / Designer
Department of Agriculture and Immigration
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection
Located at the Kentville Research Station, Building 18, also known as Blair House, is a prominent, white, two-storey, wood house with a hipped roof featuring large dormer windows…