283 Green Street
George MacQuarrie House
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The square proportioned Colonial Revival style two-storey house at 283 Green Street is located on a large lot on the north side of the street. It has a white exterior with a red asphalt shingle hipped roof with dormers and wide eaves. It was built for prominent silver fox industry entrepreneur George MacQuarrie in 1928. The registration includes the building and its lot.
The attractive house at 283 Green Street is historically significant as the home of silver fox entrepreneur George MacQuarrie and later of prominent citizen Senator Creelman MacArthur. It also has value as one of the residences known to have been constructed by engineer and contractor H.M. Downing. It also draws heritage value as a very fine example of Colonial Revival architecture.
George R. MacQuarrie had the two-storey residence constructed in 1928. This son of David MacQuarrie of Crapaud, had come to Summerside around 1909 to work as a bookkeeper. Before 1914, he became involved with the fox industry and gradually built up a business buying, cleaning and selling valuable fox pelts from his office premises on Summer Street. By the late 1920s, he had amassed enough profit to build this sizable dwelling on Green Street.
In December 1933, Senator Creelman MacArthur purchased the property and subsequently sold the house that had been built for him in 1907 at 154 Spring Street. Mr. MacArthur had grown up in Summerside, starting his business career with R.T. Holman Limited. He later joined the mercantile firm of Brace, McKay and Company and rose to the level of president. He entered politics in 1919, serving two terms as the Liberal representative for 5th Prince. He resigned his seat in September 1925 when he accepted an appointment to the Senate. In addition to his provincial and federal positions, he served on the Summerside Town Council from 1912 to 1913 and was president of the Board of Trade for several years.
When Senator MacArthur died in 1943, he left the house to his widow, and second wife, Muriel, the daughter of Harry Lee of Summerside. Mrs. MacArthur purchased the Barbara Ann Ladies Wear shop on Water Street in the early 1950s and in 1962 married William D. Young, a local insurance agent. Following her death in 1986, her only child, Creelman MacArthur, sold the property.
The house remains a well preserved example of a four square Colonial Revival style house in Summerside and continues to contribute to its streetscape. This architectural style is often referred to locally on PEI as "Fox House" architecture because so much of new house construction in the first third of the 20th century was of this type. The popularity of the style coincided with the heyday of the silver fox industry on PEI, thus the Fox House descriptive name.
Source: City of Summerside, Heritage Property Profile
The heritage value of this fine example of Colonial Revival architecture is shown in the following character-defining elements:
- the square two-storey massing and form of the building
- the hipped roof with dormers on the east and west elevations
- the wide eaves with modillion brackets
- the two large brick chimneys
- the location, size and shape of original window and door openings
- the single storey hipped roof sunporch off the west elevation set back with modillion brackets under the soffit
- the grand vestibule entrance with hipped roof, round centre arch, and ionic columns supporting wide entablature with fine dentilation
- the small Italianate round arch windows on east and west sides of vestibule
- the hipped roof oriel window on the east elevation with decorative moulding
- the vestibule with bracketted soffit on the north and east corner of the house
- the continuing contribution it makes to the Green Street streetscape
Prince Edward Island
City of Summerside
Heritage Conservation Bylaw SS-20
Registered Historic Place (Summerside)
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
City of Summerside, Heritage Property Profile
Cross-Reference to Collection