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Kitchen Shelter 13

Waterton Lakes National Park of Canada / Parc national du Canada des Lacs-Waterton, Alberta, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1991/08/01

View of Kitchen Shelter 13, showing its simple, low massing of the one-storey, three-sided structure, 1990.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1990.
Front elevation
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Other Name(s)

Kitchen Shelter 13
Campground Buildings, Kitchen Shelters 13
Bâtiments du terrain de camping, abris de cuisines 13

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/10/03

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Kitchen Shelter 13, overlooking Waterton Lake, is a one-storey shelter enclosed on three sides with log siding. Its gable roof is supported by vertical timbers on the open front. It is located on an exposed site near the water and within the large public campground and picnic area of Waterton Lakes National Park of Canada. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

Kitchen Shelter 13 is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.

Historical Value
Kitchen Shelter 13 is closely associated with the theme of automobile-accessible campground development in Canada. Waterton Lakes National Park of Canada was one of the first National Parks to develop a series of facilities for park visitors. The Kitchen Shelters are also associated with Depression relief construction activity.

Architectural Value
Kitchen Shelter 13 is a good example of a simple, utilitarian structure. It is built to a standardized plan with natural materials such as log siding, exposed rafters, and log posts, which were in keeping with the picturesque rustic style used to create a unified image for the national parks.

Environmental Value
Kitchen Shelter 13, one of the few permanent structures of the campground, is linked to the other structures by its standardized design and appearance. It reinforces the rustic character of its park setting and is familiar to wardens and campers within Waterton Lakes National Park of Canada.

Sources: The Kitchen Shelter 13, Waterton Lakes National Park, Alberta, Heritage Character Statement, 90-235; Edward Mills, 16 Buildings, Townsite Campground and Playground Area, Waterton Lakes National Park, Alberta, Federal Heritage Building Report, 90-235.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of Kitchen Shelter 13 should be respected.

Its rustic style, standard plan, craftsmanship and materials, for example:
- the simple, low massing of the one-storey, three-sided structure;
- the moderately pitched gabled roof with exposed rafters and log slab siding for the walls;
- the squared timbers used as posts within the open front;
- the perimeter subwalls that rise above ground level;
- the central cookstove with a masonry chimney.

The manner in which Kitchen Shelter 13 reinforces the rustic character of its mountain park setting and is a familiar landmark within Waterton Lakes National Park of Canada as evidenced by:
- its compatible scale, uniform design and colour scheme in relation to the adjacent park buildings;
- its location in the campground and picnic area where it is used by visitors to the park.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type



Park Fixture

Architect / Designer

National Parks Branch - Architectural Division



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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