Home / Accueil

Family Museum

Montebello, Quebec, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2002/02/27

View of the Family Museum, showing the neo-Classical spirit of the building, as evidenced in its proportions, its solemn  massing, and its gable roof forming a pediment on each gable wall, 2000.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 2000.
Front elevation
View of the Family Museum, showing the denuded appearance of the exterior, with walls constructed of plain stone and brick  without any openings other than those of the main façade, circa 1915.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, vers / circa 1915.
Front elevation
No Image

Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1880/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2008/10/03

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Family Museum sits next to the manor on the picturesque estate grounds of the Manoir Papineau National Historic Site of Canada. It is a one-storey, masonry building with a gable roof that forms a pediment on each gable wall. The plain, stone and brick walls of the building are windowless except for the main façade. Decorative elements soften the austerity of the building’s exterior. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Family Museum is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and architectural and environmental value.

Historical Value
The Family Museum, as an added component of an existing seigneurial complex, is associated with the continued occupancy of the estate by the Papineau family. Built at the urging of Amédée Papineau, son and heir of Louis-Joseph, the head of the Petite-Nation seigneurie, the building housed his collection of family portraits, paintings, sculptures and travel mementoes. It was later used as a gymnasium and then converted to a chapel in 1935. The building was subsequently owned by the Seignory Club and then the Canadian Pacific Railway before the Parks Canada Agency became the custodian in 1993.

Architectural Value
The Family Museum is valued for its good aesthetic and very good functional design. The design is consistent with the picturesque logic of the estate and reflects a neo-Classical influence with its neo-Roman accents. These elements, including two ceramic medallions representing Diana and Apollo, are the vestiges of a since-vanished program of iconic images from the main façade of the museum. Likely inspired by European museums that Amédée Papineau visited, the building is also similar in functional design to the curiosity shops that were popular in the 19th century. The windowless walls maximize display space and skylights provide ample natural lighting. Good craftsmanship is evident throughout.

Environmental Value
The Family Museum reinforces the picturesque character of its estate setting at the Manoir Papineau National Historic Site of Canada and is a familiar building at the estate.

Sources: Yvan Fortier et Michel Bédard, Le lieu historique national du Canada du Manoir-Papineau (les édifices relevant de la juridiction de Parcs Canada), Montebello, Québec, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report, 01-087; Family Museum, Montebello, Québec, Heritage Character Statement, 01-087.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Family Museum should be respected.

Its good aesthetic and functional design and good craftsmanship and materials, as for example:
- the neo-Classical spirit of the building, as evidenced in its proportions, its solemn massing, and its gable roof forming a pediment on each gable wall;
- the denuded appearance of the exterior, with walls constructed of plain stone and brick without any openings other than those of the main façade;
- the decorative elements that enliven the exterior, such as the neo-Roman cast-iron window with twisted columns, and the ceramic medallions representing Diana and Apollo;
- the features such as the windowless walls that maximize the display space, scissor framing that keeps interior spaces open, skylights to let in overhead natural lighting, and adaptable open space;
- features associated with the building’s initial program of iconic images, reminiscent of curiosity shops as they were designed in the 19th century.

The manner in which the Family Museum reinforces the picturesque character of its estate setting and is a familiar building, as evidenced by:
- its overall scale, design and materials that complement the adjacent manor and the picturesque landscape surroundings;
- its high-profile at the Papineau Estate owing to its location next to the manor, which makes it familiar.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

2002/02/27

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1935/01/01 to 1935/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship
Leisure
Museum

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

9714

Status

Published

Related Places

General view

Manoir Papineau National Historic Site of Canada

Manoir Papineau is a large elegant residence set on wooded grounds on a high bluff above the north bank of the Ottawa River at Montebello, Québec, half way between Ottawa and…

General view

Tea Pavilion

The Tea Pavilion overlooks the Outaouais River on the south side of Cape Bonsecours at Manoir Papineau National Historic Site of Canada. The attractive, classic Italianate…

General view

Manoir Papineau

The Manoir Papineau stands atop Cape Bonsecours in Montebello, Quebec, from where it overlooks the Ottawa River. A large, imposing, stone building, its centre portion has a hipped…

General view

Granary

The Granary is one of the buildings on the Papineau estate. Unique in that it resembles a small rural church, the rectangular, one-and-a-half-storey brick structure has a vertical…

SEARCH THE CANADIAN REGISTER

Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Find Nearby PlacesFIND NEARBY PLACES PrintPRINT
Nearby Places