Home / Accueil

Defensible Lockmaster's House

Montague, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1992/04/30

Side view of the Defensible Lockmaster's House, showing the exterior walls constructed of stone masonry and the rear kitchen addition, 1989.; Department of Public Works / Ministère de l'Approvisionnement et des Services, 1989.
General view
View of the eastern façade of the Defensible Lockmaster's House, showing the symmetrical placement of the second-storey windows, 1930.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1930
Historical view
View of the staircase in the Defensible Lockmaster's House, showing the interior configuation, 1990.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, James De Jonge, 1990.
Interior view

Other Name(s)

Defensible Lockmaster's House
Kilmarnock Locstation Defensible Lockmaster's House

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1841/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/01/19

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Defensible Lockmaster’s House is sided in a prominent location overlooking the Rideau Canal near the lock at Kilmarnock Lockstation, as part of the Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada. The two-storey, hipped roof, stone masonry structure is square in plan. The doors and windows are regularly placed and a glazed porch protects the front entrance. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Defensible Lockmaster’s House is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
The Defensible Lockmaster’s House is a very good example of a building associated with the construction and operation of the Rideau Canal. The house illustrates the theme of military defence of Upper Canada and Lower Canada in the second quarter of the 19th century, and the evolution and transformation of the waterway as a federal public work. This building is the only structure on the site surviving from the military era, and is an important representative example of the formative period in the development of Kilmarnock. The structure typifies the changing role of the Rideau Canal from a military function to that of transportation.

Architectural Value
The Defensible Lockmaster’s House, valued for its very good aesthetic design characteristic of a late 19th-century residence, is an example of a dual-purpose military and residential structure. Early defensive features included loopholes, while the second-storey addition and summer kitchen reflect the emphasis on residential design, resulting from a change in the function of the canal by the twentieth century. The interior layout exhibits very good functional design. Good craftsmanship is seen in both the thick masonry of the lower storey, the second storey addition and their skillful integration.

Environmental Value
The Defensible Lockmaster’s House reinforces the historic character of its park-like setting at Kilmarnock Lockstation and is a familiar landmark to local residents and to visitors.

Sources: James De Jonge, Twenty Nine Buildings, Central Area, Rideau Canal, Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report 91-072 to 91-081; Defensible Lockmaster’s House, Kilmarnock Lockstation, Rideau Canal, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 91-077.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Defensible Lockmaster’s House should be respected.

Its very good aesthetic, functional design and very good quality materials and craftsmanship, for example:
- the two-storey massing;
- the hipped roof, and the chimney;
- the exterior walls constructed of stone masonry, the thick stone walls of the lower floor, with an infilled loophole on the south façade;
- the placement of the windows and doors, and the symmetrical placement of the second-storey windows;
- the rear kitchen addition;
- the interior configuration.

The manner in which the Defensible Lockmaster’s House reinforces the historic character of its park-like setting at Kilmarnock Lockstation and is a familiar local landmark, as evidenced by:
- its overall scale, design and materials, which harmonize with the surrounding green spaces at the lockstation;
- its visibility due to its prominent location adjacent to the canal, which makes it a local landmark.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1992/04/30

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1891/01/01 to 1892/01/01
1891/01/01 to 1903/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Museum

Historic

Transport-Water
Canal or Canal Works

Architect / Designer

British Royal Engineers

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

5117

Status

Published

Related Places

Photo of a lock

Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada

Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada is a 200 km man-made waterway running through a corridor of communities from Ottawa River to Lake Ontario. It was built in the mid…

SEARCH THE CANADIAN REGISTER

Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Find Nearby PlacesFIND NEARBY PLACES PrintPRINT
Nearby Places