Description of Historic Place
The Lockmaster’s House, part of the Lower Beveridges Lockstation, is located on the Second Tay Canal, a branch of the Rideau Canal National Historic Site of Canada. The two-storey, L-shaped timber structure has a gable roof and features a verandah that extends along the east and south elevations. Regularly placed doors and windows pierce the clapboard exterior walls. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Lockmaster’s House is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.
The Lockmaster’s House was built by the Government of Canada during construction of the Second Tay Canal which, located below Lower Rideau Lake and the Tay River in Perth, is a part of the larger Rideau Canal System. It is the first structure to be built at this lockstation and as such, it is associated with the Post-Confederation construction of regional waterways for transportation purposes. The Second Tay Canal is also associated with the recreational use of the Rideau Canal system by passenger steamers at the turn of the century.
The Lockmaster’s House is valued for its good aesthetics. It is a good example of turn-of-the-century vernacular design, more often seen in farmhouses from the period. By the late 19th century, the emphasis was no longer on the military role of the Rideau Canal but on residential design that reflected the commercial and recreational use of the canal system. Good functional design can be seen in the interior layout with a central-hall plan. Good craftsmanship can be seen in the interior woodwork.
The Lockmaster’s House reinforces the historic character of its park-like, rural setting at Lower Beveridges Lockstation and is a familiar landmark to local residents and to visitors.
Sources: James De Jonge, Twenty Nine Buildings, Central Area, Rideau Canal, Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report 91-072 to 91-081; Lockmaster’s House, Lower Beveridges Lockstation, Rideau Canal, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 91-073.
The character-defining elements of the Lockmaster’s House should be respected.
Its good aesthetics, functional design and quality materials and craftsmanship, for example:
- the two-storey massing;
- the gabled roof, and the chimney;
- the frame construction and exterior clapboard cladding;
- the regular placement of the windows and doors on both floors;
- the interior configuration, and the woodwork, including the staircase with balustrades.
The manner in which the Lockmaster’s House reinforces the historic character of its park-like, rural setting at Lower Beveridges Lockstation and is a familiar local landmark, as evidenced by:
- its overall scale, design and materials, which harmonize with the surrounding green spaces at the lock station;
- its visibility due to its prominent location adjacent to the canal, which makes it a local landmark.