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McDonald Drug Store and Bakery

237 Nelson Street West, Virden, Manitoba, R0M, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2008/03/04

Primary elevation, from the south, of the Macdonald Drug Store and Bakery, Virden, 2008; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Tourism, 2008
Primary Elevation
Bick details of the Macdonald Drug Store and Bakery, Virden, 2008; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Tourism, 2008
Detail
Facade details of the Macdonald Drug Store and Bakery, Virden, 2008; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Tourism, 2008
Detail

Other Name(s)

McDonald Drug Store and Bakery
McDonald Drug Store, Bakery and Oyster Bar
Finch's Butcher Shop
Virden Meat Market
We-R Video
T'S Dining and Lounge
Pharmacie, boulangerie et bar à huîtres McDonald
Boucherie Finch's
Boucherie de Virden
Vidéo de We-R
Restaurant et bar T'S

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1893/01/01 to 1893/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/01/27

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The McDonald Drug Store and Bakery, a two-storey fieldstone and brick structure built in 1893, is located mid-block among business outlets of similar scale on a secondary street in Virden's commercial district. The municipal designation applies to the building and its narrow lot.

Heritage Value

The McDonald Drug Store and Bakery, a medium-sized structure with expressive Romanesque Revival-style features popular in the late Victorian era, illustrates the type of pragmatic two-part storefront buildings widely found in developing prairie centres, such as Virden, around the turn of the twentieth century. The facility is especially noted for its round-arched upper front windows, decorative brickwork, heavy masonry construction, including the use of local fieldstone, and favourable location near the centre of the business district. Attributes such as these suited various merchant-occupants over the years, including a long-time butcher shop and meat market, as well as the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, which used the upper level as a meeting room and dance hall. Recently rehabilitated in a manner compatible with its period character, this durable, solid building is a key element in a series of two-storey masonry contemporaries that recall Virden's early commercial development.

Source: Town of Virden By-law No. 2657, March 4, 2008

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the heritage character of the McDonald Drug Store and Bakery site include:
- the mid-block location on the south side of Nelson Street W alongside other period commercial facilities of similar scale, design, construction, etc.
- the building's placement, abutting the front public sidewalk and structures to its west and east sides, contributing to the visual and historical continuity of the streetscape

Key exterior elements that define the building as a two-part commercial structure in the Romanesque Revival style include:
- the deep two-storey form with solid stone bearing walls and a flat roofline
- the heavy masonry construction materials, including the roughly split fieldstone walls and stone foundation, the red face brick, etc.
- the balanced two-part composition and Romanesque Revival features of the primary (north) facade, including the ground floor's large storefront windows, central entrance and east-corner stone pilaster, the upper level's articulated brick finish, three round-headed windows and corner pilasters, etc.
- the variety of materials and details, such as the front brick corbel table, sawtoothed and other banding elements, arched voussoirs and metal cornice with ornamented consoles, the plain wooden window frames and sills, the tall brick chimney, etc.
- the rear openings, including segmental-arched windows and doors (some now enclosed) with brick heads

Key elements that define the building's interior heritage character include:
- the deep floor plans interconnected at the rear by an east-side stairwell to the second floor and basement
- features and finishes such as the embossed tin ceiling on the main floor, the horizontal board walls, the fieldstone basement walls, the upper-level maple flooring, etc.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Manitoba

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (MB)

Recognition Statute

Manitoba Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Site

Recognition Date

2008/03/04

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations

Function - Category and Type

Current

Commerce / Commercial Services
Eating or Drinking Establishment

Historic

Commerce / Commercial Services
Shop or Wholesale Establishment
Community
Social, Benevolent or Fraternal Club

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Town of Virden 236 Wellington Street West PO Box 310 Virden MB R0M 2C0

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

M0331

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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