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Cereal Crops Building

Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1997/04/08

View of the exterior of the Cereal Crops Building, showing the composition and detailing of the front porch, in particular, the turned posts, 1995.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1995.
Façade
View of the interior of the Cereal Crops Building, showing the extant system of steam pipes and control mechanisms, which were responsible for maintaining controlled experimental conditions in the greenhouses, 1995.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1995.
Interior view
View of the rear of the Cereal Crops Building, showing the greenhouses of modest scale and simple construction, 1995.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1995.
General view

Other Name(s)

Cereal Crops Building
Building 75
Bâtiment 75

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1888/01/01 to 1889/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/02/03

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Cereal Crops Building, also known as Building 75, is located at the Central Experimental Farm National Historic Site of Canada in Ottawa. The brick and stone structure consists of a two-storey, pitched roof office building with a gambrel-roofed laboratory section and modest greenhouses at the rear. The building’s main façade features stone banding and a front porch with decorative turned posts. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Cereal Crops Building is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.

Historical Value
The Cereal Crops Building is one of the best examples of a building associated with the Central Experimental Farm’s (CEF) contributions to Canadian agricultural science. Cereal research, an essential component of the experimental farms’ programs, has been conducted in the Cereal Crops Building, since 1889. CEF staff analyzed, sorted, tested, packaged and distributed seeds to Canadian farmers and to the growing experimental farm network, in what was then known as the Seed Testing and Distribution Building. The staff also developed numerous varieties of wheat, oats and barley in the building throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, the most notable being Marquis wheat. The building is also associated with the development of a distinctive cultural landscape at the CEF.

Architectural Value
The Cereal Crops Building is valued for its very good aesthetic design and is a good example of an early agricultural research building. Its good functional design combines an office section for administration, laboratories and workrooms for experimentation, and greenhouses for testing and proving seed viability. In its construction and detailing, the Cereal Crops Building demonstrates a competent handling of brick and stone that is consistent with the high quality of work managed by the Department of Public Works in the late 19th century and in the 1920s.

Environmental Value
The Cereal Crops Building is one of few, extant, pre-1890 structures located within the original core area of the CEF. The building reinforces the character of its experimental farm setting and is a familiar building within the immediate area.

Sources: Central Experimental Farm, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report, 97-035; Cereal Crops Building, Building Number 75, Ottawa, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement, 97-035.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Cereal Crops Building should be respected.

Its very good aesthetic design, good functional design and very good materials and craftsmanship, for example:
- the building’s massing which consists of a pitched roof building with a gambrel-roofed laboratory section and greenhouses of modest scale and simple construction;
- the brick walls, stone foundation and decorative stone detailing of the office and laboratory section;
- the composition and detailing of the front porch, in particular, the turned posts;
- the extant system of steam pipes and control mechanisms, which were responsible for maintaining controlled experimental conditions in the greenhouses.

The manner in which the Cereal Crops Building reinforces the agricultural character of its experimental farm setting and is a neighbourhood landmark, as evidenced by:
- its overall design, brick and stone construction and details which are consistent with all major CEF buildings of the late 19th and early 20th centuries;
- its relationship to the adjacent structures which were directly associated with its work, including the Cereal Barn (Building 76) and insectaries (Buildings 75b,c and d);
- its importance as part of a group of administration and research buildings located in the original core area of the farm, which makes it a familiar building to visitors and employees.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1997/04/08

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1928/01/01 to 1929/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Health and Research
Research Facility

Architect / Designer

Department of Public Works

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

7999

Status

Published

Related Places

General view

Central Experimental Farm National Historic Site of Canada

The Central Experimental Farm National Historic Site of Canada, located in urban Ottawa, Ontario, is comprised of various structures and buildings embedded within a large rural…

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