Description of Historic Place
Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) Building 2, also known as Gatehouse 1, located alongside Highway 2, sits within the Point Frederick Buildings National Historic Site of Canada, a larger landscaped complex. It is a small, stone building with a gable roof and a central gable on the front and the rear. A small, fully enclosed entry porch defines the main entrance. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
RMC Building 2 is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
RMC Building 2, among the earliest constructions at Royal Military College (RMC), is closely associated with the formative years of the RMC after its founding in 1874 at Point Frederick, site of a fortified naval establishment and dockyard. The College was Canada’s first officer training facility.
RMC Building 2 is a very good, representative example of early 19th-century vernacular architecture in Ontario. Typically, it has a center-hall plan and staircase. Its very good craftsmanship is evidenced in the two complementary stone treatments, including the smooth-dressed ashlar blocks and the rough-surfaced random ashlar wall surfaces, as well as the wooden details in the doors and window treatment.
RMC Building 2 is compatible with the character of its picturesque landscape setting at Royal Military College and is a well-known building in the area.
Sources: Joan Mattie, Gatehouses 1 and 2, Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario, Federal Heritage Building Review Office Building Report 93-099;Gatehouse 1, Building 2, Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement, 93-099.
The character-defining elements of RMC Building 2 should be respected.
Its early 19th-century vernacular design, and very good craftsmanship, for example:
- the house-form, stone clad, gable-roofed block with a central gable on both the front and the rear and the end chimneys;
- the complementary dressed and roughened stone surfaces;
- the surviving wooden details of the doors, window sash, fascia and eaves.
The manner in which RMC Building 2 is compatible with the character of its institutional setting at Royal Military College and is a familiar landmark, as evidenced by:
- its scale and materials which are compatible with the adjacent structures within the college campus;
- the picturesque qualities of its design and form which complement a domestic garden, picket fence and mature trees as part of a larger landscaped complex;
- its visibility from the highway and on the grounds vis-à-vis its pivotal location.