Description of Historic Place
Cabin 1 is located along the Chambly Canal in the Chambly Canal National Historic Site of Canada. It is a small, charming wood-cabin with a steep roof and tall gabled dormers whose ridges meet at the central chimney. The walls of the building are clad in white wood siding and feature decoratively trimmed openings. The entrance door is centrally located on the front of the building. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
Cabin 1 is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.
Cabin 1 is associated, along with the other cabins and works on Chambly Canal, with the days when the canal was a major commercial route for the Québec logging industry. The cabin, built as shelter, storage space, and a workstation for the lockmaster, also recalls the years when the canal was a source of employment for the local community.
Cabin 1 is valued for its very good aesthetic design. It was the prototype for the third generation of cabins built in the early 20th century along the Chambly Canal in keeping with the spirit of the “City Beautiful” movement. Its dollhouse-like look draws on Queen Anne Revival vocabulary, a style that had considerable impact on residential construction in Canada at the turn of the 20th century. The good functional design of the building is evidenced in the placement of openings, which allowed the lockmaster to see in all directions. The building also displays good craftsmanship and materials.
Cabin 1 reinforces the present character of its canal setting. Prominently located, it is a well-known building in the area.
Sources: André Sévigny, Logettes des écluses nos 1et 3, canal de Chambly, Québec, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Building Report, 89-224; Lockstation Cabin No. 1, Chambly Canal, Québec, Heritage Character Statement, 89-224.
The character-defining elements of Cabin 1 should be respected.
Its very good aesthetic design, good functional design and good craftsmanship and materials, as for example:
- the architectural lines of the Queen-Anne-Revival inspired wooden cabin, such as the complex profile of the steep roof, the tall dormers whose ridges meet in the centre (where the chimney rises); and the contrasting textures and colours adorning the wood siding and decorative openings;
- the symmetrical arrangement of the elevations;
- the elements that illustrate a design driven by the demands of the lockmaster’s work; for example, the arrangement of doors and windows allowed the lockmaster to see in all directions.
The manner in which Cabin 1 reinforces the present character of its canal setting and is a familiar building in the immediate area, as evidenced by:
- its overall scale, massing design and materials, which harmonize with the landscaped surroundings;
- its very good visibility, which, together with its sister cabins, gives structure to the landscape and makes it familiar along the Chambly Canal.