Description of Historic Place
Columbia Farm, also known as Brigham House, is set on a gentle rise adjacent to a major commercial road, in a commercial, light industrial sector of Gatineau, Hull sector. The one-and-one-half-storey, stone building has a gable roof and two symmetrically placed chimneystacks. The principal five-bay façade has a central doorway, a large central gable, and dormer windows. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
Columbia Farm is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.
Columbia Farm was constructed between 1824 and 1851, on a property originally owned by Philemon Wright, the founder of the settlement of Gatineau, Hull sector. This land was part of Wright’s Columbia Farm, and was later deeded to his daughter Abigail Brigham. The property is a reminder of the agricultural nature of this area, and the important Brigham family who lived on the property until approximately 1880.
Valued for its good aesthetics, Columbia Farm is a very good example of a typical vernacular housing type based on British antecedents. It has a standard symmetrical front elevation of three to five bays with a central door, central gable and gable roof. Other than the high quality stonework, the roof’s returned eaves and the moulded soffit and frieze at the roofline, the decorative elements are found in the main entrance. Details such as the voussoir and semi-elliptical fanlight indicate the influence of the neoclassical style.
Columbia Farm is a familiar landmark in the local streetscape.
Sources: Robert Hunter, La Ferme Columbia, (Brigham House), 376 St. Joseph Boulevard, Hull, Ottawa, Ontario, Heritage Buildings Review Office, Report 84-011; La Ferme Columbia, (Brigham House), 376 St. Joseph Boulevard, Heritage Character Statement 84-011.
The character-defining elements of Columbia Farm should be respected.
Its good aesthetic design, functional design, and craftsmanship, for example:
- the symmetrical, one-and-a-half-storey massing with gable roof, large central gable and chimneys;
- the stone construction using broken coursed, dressed limestone and rubblestone;
- the placement of exterior openings including the dormers, the casement windows with voussoirs and the doors;
- the larger stone blocks suggestive of quoins that emphasize the corners of the front façade, the returned eaves of the roof and the moulded soffit and frieze at the roofline;
- the voussoir main entrance with a semi-elliptical fanlight;
- the interior configuration.
The manner in which Columbia Farm is a familiar landmark in the local streetscape, as evidenced by:
- its location, on the busy St. Joseph Boulevard in Gatineau, Hull sector, and its attractive appearance that make it a local landmark.