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Columbia Farm

376 St. Joseph Boulevard, Hull, Quebec, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1985/03/26

General view of Columbia Farm, showing the symmetrical, one-and-a-half-storey massing with gable roof, large central gable and chimneys.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
General view
Side view of Columbia Farm, showing the stone construction using broken coursed, dressed limestone and rubblestone.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
Side view
Detail view of Columbia Farm, showing the voussoir main entrance with a semi-elliptical fanlight.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
Detail view

Other Name(s)

Columbia Farm
Brigham House
Maison Brigham

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1824/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/02/23

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Columbia Farm, also known as Brigham House, is set on a gentle rise adjacent to a major commercial road, in a commercial, light industrial sector of Gatineau, Hull sector. The one-and-one-half-storey, stone building has a gable roof and two symmetrically placed chimneystacks. The principal five-bay façade has a central doorway, a large central gable, and dormer windows. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

Columbia Farm is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value:
Columbia Farm was constructed between 1824 and 1851, on a property originally owned by Philemon Wright, the founder of the settlement of Gatineau, Hull sector. This land was part of Wright’s Columbia Farm, and was later deeded to his daughter Abigail Brigham. The property is a reminder of the agricultural nature of this area, and the important Brigham family who lived on the property until approximately 1880.

Architectural Value:
Valued for its good aesthetics, Columbia Farm is a very good example of a typical vernacular housing type based on British antecedents. It has a standard symmetrical front elevation of three to five bays with a central door, central gable and gable roof. Other than the high quality stonework, the roof’s returned eaves and the moulded soffit and frieze at the roofline, the decorative elements are found in the main entrance. Details such as the voussoir and semi-elliptical fanlight indicate the influence of the neoclassical style.

Environmental Value:
Columbia Farm is a familiar landmark in the local streetscape.

Sources: Robert Hunter, La Ferme Columbia, (Brigham House), 376 St. Joseph Boulevard, Hull, Ottawa, Ontario, Heritage Buildings Review Office, Report 84-011; La Ferme Columbia, (Brigham House), 376 St. Joseph Boulevard, Heritage Character Statement 84-011.

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of Columbia Farm should be respected.

Its good aesthetic design, functional design, and craftsmanship, for example:
- the symmetrical, one-and-a-half-storey massing with gable roof, large central gable and chimneys;
- the stone construction using broken coursed, dressed limestone and rubblestone;
- the placement of exterior openings including the dormers, the casement windows with voussoirs and the doors;
- the larger stone blocks suggestive of quoins that emphasize the corners of the front façade, the returned eaves of the roof and the moulded soffit and frieze at the roofline;
- the voussoir main entrance with a semi-elliptical fanlight;
- the interior configuration.

The manner in which Columbia Farm is a familiar landmark in the local streetscape, as evidenced by:
- its location, on the busy St. Joseph Boulevard in Gatineau, Hull sector, and its attractive appearance that make it a local landmark.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1985/03/26

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

2433

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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