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Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site of Canada

440 Bonsecours Street, Montréal, Quebec, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1968/11/28

View of Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site of Canada, showing the main entrance, 1990.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1990.
Detail
View of Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site of Canada, showing a window looking on to the rear courtyard, 1990.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 1990.
Interior view
View of the courtyard at Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site of Canada, 2007.; Agence Parcs Canada / Parks Canada Agency, 2007.
Rear elevation

Other Name(s)

Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site of Canada
Louis-Joseph Papineau
Louis Joseph Papineau

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1748/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/03/12

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site of Canada was the Papineau family home in Montreal. Located on rue Bonsecours, the two-and-a-half storey stone house with its steeply pitched roof sits flush to the street. An arched passageway allows for vehicular access to the rear courtyard. The designation refers to the limits of the property at the time the house was designated in 1968, and they extend from the house at the street line to include an interior rear courtyard.

Heritage Value

Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site of Canada was designated in 1968 because:
- this place is importantly associated with the most active and important period in Papineau’s life when he was the leader of the Parti canadien and one of the leading figures in the political unrest which led to the Rebellion of 1837; and,
- it represents a successful amalgamation of various stylistic approaches including a French Regime building tradition overlaid with a Neo-Classical and Palladian architectural vocabulary.

Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site of Canada is valued for its connection to Papineau during the years he was most active politically. His family’s long period of previous ownership make the underlying French Regime architecture of this house a reflection of Papineau’s roots. The changes he introduced in 1831-32 provide an indication of his tastes as well as the new ideas he implemented to suit his contemporary world.

This house was owned by the Papineau family from 1748 to 1779, and again from 1809 to 1920 and was substantially renovated by Louis-Joseph Papineau in 1831-1832. The changes he made included construction of covered brick passage providing entrance to the rear courtyard, moving the main door from a central location on the façade to one end and creating a new interior vestibule and main staircase. This house was sold to the Government of Canada in 1982. Under Parks Canada administration, its roof and façade have been substantially rebuilt.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 1981, 2002.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- the setting of the house in Old Montreal;
- its alignment at the street line with other buildings on rue Bonsecours;
- its L-shaped footprint and two-and-a-half storey massing;
- the steeply pitched roof of the main portion of the house, with inset double row of dormers and the dormered shed roof over the rear addition;
- the symmetrically organized main façade with neoclassical inspired decorative elements including prominent corner quoins, ornate wood trim lining the arched main entrance, the arched passageway, narrow eaves, highly finished masonry facing on ground floor;
- the wide eaves and rubblestone walls of the kitchen wing which continues to reflect the architectural values of the house during the French Regime;
- the integrity and craftsmanship of all materials including differing cuts and finishes of stonework, brick, metal and wood, and construction technologies including the use of wood imitating stone;
- the surviving materials dating before 1832 on the interior of the building, their substance, finishes, and craftsmanship;
- surviving evidence of the interior layout of the Louis-Joseph Papineau era.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1968/11/28

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1814/01/01 to 1871/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Politics and Political Processes
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

646

Status

Published

Related Places

Front Façade

Papineau House

The Papineau House is located on Bonsecours Street in Old Montréal, at the Louis-Joseph Papineau National Historic Site of Canada. The stone and brick building, topped by a metal…

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