Marine Hospital National Historic Site of Canada
Hôpital de la Marine
St. Samuel’s Roman Catholic Church Hall
St. Samuels Roman Catholic Church Hall
Links and documents
1830/01/01 to 1831/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Marine Hospital National Historic Site of Canada is a one-storey, sandstone building with a domed cupola, built in 1830-1831. It is perched on high ground overlooking the Miramichi River. The former hospital is surrounded by wood-frame residences in the small community of Douglastown, now a suburb of the City of Miramichi, where it serves as a church hall and community meeting place. The formal recognition consists of the building on its legal property at the time of designation.
Marine Hospital was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1989 because:
- it is a rare surviving example of an important and interesting building type.
Built by Matthew Lamont for the Commissioners of the Port of Miramichi in 1830-1831, the Marine Hospital at Douglastown is the oldest surviving marine hospital in Canada. Until 1921, it provided care for indigent, sick or disabled seamen, most of whom worked in the timber trade along the Miramichi River. Its form, composition, roofline and cupola reflect classical architectural traditions that were popular in early 19th-century British North America.
Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, June 1989.
Key elements that relate to the heritage value of Marine Hospital include:
- its siting on high ground overlooking the Miramichi River;
- viewscapes to and from the river and the hospital;
- its classically inspired design, defined by its rectangular form, the symmetrical placement of openings, the low-pitched, slightly flared, hipped roof and delicate domed cupola;
- the cupola, including its Grecian columns and domed roof;
- the stone chimney at the east end of the building;
- the surviving, original multi-pane windows and wooden doors;
- its construction of local sandstone;
- its stonework, including the smooth ashlar along the south elevation, the roughly squared stone blocks in irregular courses on the other three elevations, and the simple stone lintels and sills at openings;
- the surviving, original, interior features in the main room, including two fireplaces, windows, doors, and interior shutters.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1831/01/01 to 1921/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Health and Research
- Hospital or Other Health Care Institution
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec.
Cross-Reference to Collection