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Homewood National Historic Site of Canada

north side of Highway 2, Maitland, Ontario, K0E, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1982/11/19

General view of Homewood, showing the front elevation; Parks Canada Agency/ Agence Parcs Canada
Front façade
General view of Homewood, showing the rear elevation; Parks Canada Agency/ Agence Parcs Canada
General view
Detail of the entrance porch of Homewood; Parks Canada Agency/ Agence Parcs Canada
Porch detail

Other Name(s)

Homewood National Historic Site of Canada
Homewood
Homewood

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1800/01/01 to 1801/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/04/02

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Homewood National Historic Site of Canada is a very early 19th-century two-storey stone residence set just back from the St. Lawrence River a few kilometres east of the hamlet of Maitland in eastern Ontario. Official recognition refers to the house and its property at its time of designation in 1982.

Heritage Value

Homewood was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1982 because:
- with its balanced five-bay façade, centre hallway plan and classical detailing, it reflects the influence of British Palladianism, while its fieldstone construction and steeply pitched roof echo the Quebec traditions of its builder, the Montreal mason Louis Brillière;
- Homewood vividly reflects the way of life of a rural professional man in the early 19th century.

Homewood was built in 1800-1801 as the residence for Dr. Solomon Jones (1756-1822), a prominent south-eastern Ontario Loyalist. It was constructed of stone by Montreal mason Louis Brillière, and today retains much of its original character. The building has had two major additions - a rear addition constructed about 1830, and a west wing in 1945. The house remained in the Jones family until the 1960s when it was purchased by the Dupont company. In 1974 it was acquired by the Ontario Heritage Foundation for preservation as a museum.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, November 1982 and November 1987.

Character-Defining Elements

Key features contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- the siting, back from the river and the historic east-west highway;
- its proximity to Lake Ontario on a major early water transportation route;
- the pastoral quality of the immediate setting;
- the rectangular (14.63m x 11.58m) massing of the original house under its steep, front-sloping pitched roof;
- the simplified Palladian features including the symmetrically organized five-bay façade, with evenly-spaced 12 over 12 sash windows, central entry with side and top lights and a Palladian window above;
- the surviving early furnishings and fittings, in particular, the original hardware, hall furnishings, and original mantelpieces;
- the integrity of the centre-hall plan with kitchen wing;
- the sympathetic design of the 20th-century addition;
- archaeological evidence of former outbuildings and landscape features.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1982/11/19

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Museum

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

Louis Brillière

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

419

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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