358, Waterloo Street, City of Guelph, Ontario, N1H, Canada
358 Waterloo Avenue
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Phoenix Mill is located at 358 Waterloo Avenue, south of Howitt Park, west of Edinburgh Road and on the north side of Wellington Street West and the Speed River, in the City of Guelph. The three-storey limestone mill was constructed in circa 1870.
The property was designated, by the City of Guelph, in 1989, for its historical or architectural value or interest, under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act, By-law (1989) - 13198.
The Phoenix Mill is situated in close proximity to the Speed River, a designated Canadian Heritage River, and two of Guelph's scenic parks, Silvercreek and Howitt, providing it with historical continuity and meaning as the City develops around it.
The Phoenix Mill is the only remaining intact stone grist mill, within the City of Guelph. It was established in 1870, by M. J. Patterson and A. J. Butt, and it began operating with flour and grist, in 1871. In 1912, the mill became part of the Sterling Rubber factory and continued serving this company and its successors, until 1979.
The Phoenix Mill is built of local limestone with cut limestone trim and has a very clean, uncomplicated profile. It has a rectangular floor plan and a side-gable roof. Each vertical rectangular window on the first-storey is six over six double hung, with sills and lintels made of cut limestone. Also of note are the cut limestone blocks that are built into the corners of the building and along the sides of the windows and doors.
Source: City of Guelph By-law (1989) – 13198.
Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of the Phoenix Mill include its:
- local limestone construction
- first-storey double hung 6 over 6 windows
- stone sills, lintels and door surrounds
- cut limestone blocks in the mill corners and the sides of windows and doors
- rectangular floor plan
- side-gabled roof
- proximity to Silvercreek and Howitt Park
- proximity to the Speed River
Local Governments (ON)
Ontario Heritage Act
Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)
1989/01/01 to 1989/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Technology and Engineering
- Developing Economies
- Extraction and Production
Function - Category and Type
- Multiple Dwelling
- Food and Beverage Manufacturing Facility
- Chemical Products Manufacturing Facility
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
City of Guelph
Community Design and Development Services
1 Carden Street
Cross-Reference to Collection