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Government House National Historic Site of Canada

1451 Barrington Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1982/06/12

General view of Government House, showing the Palladian-inspired design of the house, with its central three-storey pavilion under a low hipped roof, 2010.; Government House, Jimmy Emerson, 2010.
General view
General view of the plaque for Government House, showing its use as an official residence for the lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia, 2010.; Government House, Jimmy Emerson, 2010.
General view
Rear view of Government House, showing the reduction in window height on each storey with rusticated arched openings on the ground floor.; Government House, Jimmy Emerson, 2010.
Rear view

Other Name(s)

Governor's House
Government House National Historic Site of Canada
Hôtel du gouverneur

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1799/01/01 to 1805/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/06/11

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Government House National Historic Site of Canada is located on Barrington Street in downtown Halifax, close to other early 19th-century landmarks such as the Old Burying Ground National Historic Site of Canada and Province House National Historic Site of Canada. It is a monumental, early 19th-century stone mansion built in the Palladian style, and is distinguished by its overall symmetry, regularly arranged double-hung windows, and its recessed three-story central pavilion flanked by two-storey wings. It is the official residence of the Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia. Official recognition refers to the building on its landscaped grounds.

Heritage Value

Government House was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1982 because:
- it is one of the oldest official residences in Canada.

Built from 1799 to 1805 for Sir John Wentworth, the Colonial Governor of Nova Scotia, Government House has served as an official residence for more than 175 years. Wentworth, who sought to build a residence befitting his position, encouraged master-builder and surveyor Isaac Hildrith to design a building more closely resembling the country estate of an English gentleman rather than the official residence of a colonial outpost. Inspired by the Palladian style popular for English country houses in the late 18th century, Government House incorporates the classical forms, proportions and detailing typical of that style. It now functions as the official residence of Nova Scotia’s Lieutenant-Governor.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minute, June 1982.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that relate to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location in the historic heart of Halifax;
- the extensive lot, demarcated from the urban space by stone walls and cast iron fencing behind which the house is framed by landscaped grounds;
- the Palladian-inspired design of the house, with its central three-storey pavilion under a low hipped roof, flanked by two-storey hipped roof wings with semi-circular bays;
- the symmetrical organization of its multi-pane double-hung windows;
- the central main entry under a columned portico, the original (east) entry under a portico with a curved stairway;
- the reduction in window height on each storey with rusticated arched openings on the ground floor;
- the relatively flat restrained classical detailing including the stringcourse between the ground and second stories, pilasters, and recessed panels;
- its construction of Nova Scotia stone;
- surviving original interior detailing, including a central curved hanging staircase, and ornate classical detailing in the major public spaces such as the marble fireplace mantles in the Ballroom, the Ionic columns and architrave in the entrance foyer, the neoclassical screen in the Ballroom, and the ornate plaster cornices in the Drawing Room;
- its use as an official residence for the lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1982/06/12

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Government and Institutions
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

Isaac Hildrith

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

279

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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