Henry House National Historic Site of Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Henry House National Historic Site of Canada is a two-and-a-half-storey stone house built in the early 19th century. Located at the front edge of its lot on the edge of downtown Halifax, Henry House features a gable roof topped by a single side chimney, a portico-covered side entrance, various multi-pane sash windows, and walls of ashlar granite blocks on the façade and dressed rough ironstone on the gable ends. Official recognition consists of the building on its property at the time of designation.
Henry House was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1969 because:
- Henry House represents an urban house type found in several towns of British North America in the first half of the 19th century;
- for about fifteen years this residence was the home of William A. Henry (1816-1888), lawyer, politician, Father of Confederation, and Judge of the Supreme Court of Canada.
In its side hall plan and its granite and ironstone exterior, Henry House is representative of the style of early 19th-century British North American residences built for the elite. In favour of uniting the British North American provinces, and one of five delegates appointed to represent Nova Scotia at the Charlottetown Conference, William A. Henry made this house his residence during the time of Confederation.
Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, May 1969.
The key elements that relate to the heritage value of Henry House are:
- the composition of its façade, three bays wide with a portico-covered entrance at one side;
- its gable roof with the long side oriented toward the front elevation;
- its stone construction, consisting of ashlar granite blocks with prominent quoins along the main façade, and gable walls roughly dressed in local ironstone with granite window surrounds;
- the craftsmanship evident in the gable wall masonry, and in the ashlar window surrounds;
- its interior plan, with the first and second floors organized around a side hall with stairs, and kitchen space located in the basement;
- surviving original interior finishes and fittings, including door and window trims and casings, interior shutters, mouldings, baseboards, six-panel doors, ceiling cornices and medallions, fireplace mantels, and the staircase;
- its situation at the front edge of its lot, sustaining a close relationship with the street in keeping with its function and design.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
Theme - Category and Type
- Governing Canada
- Politics and Political Processes
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Québec.
Cross-Reference to Collection