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St. James the Apostle Anglican Church

86, Glasgow, City of Guelph, Ontario, N1H, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1989/05/08

Northeast view of St. James Church as seen from Paisley Street.; Kayla Jonas, 2007.
Northeast View of St. James Church, 2007
Detailed view of the Church's central tower.; Kayla Jonas, 2007.
St. James Church Tower, 2007
North façade of St. James Church.; Kayla Jonas, 2007.
Façade of St. James Church, 2007

Other Name(s)

St. James the Apostle Anglican Church
86 Glasgow Street North

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1891/01/01 to 1892/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/07/13

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

St. James the Apostle Anglican Church, 86 Glasgow Street North, is situated at the southwest corner of Paisley Road and Glasgow Street, in the City of Guelph. This stone church was designed in the Anglican Ecclesiastical style by architect Richard Cunningham Windeyer. It was constructed between 1891 and 1892.

The property was designated, for its historic and architectural value, by the City of Guelph, under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (By-law 1989-13198).

Heritage Value

St. James the Apostle Anglican Church was constructed in 1891, opened during Easter of 1892, and was the second Anglican parish in Guelph. The St. James parish was created by the Bishop of Niagara in 1890, and most of its earliest parishioners had previously been members of St. George's Church in Guelph. The new parish arose when the desire for religious reforms within the church became apparent. These reforms, which originated in England as early as the 1830s, included more frequent celebration of the Eucharist and changes in religious observances.

St. James the Apostle Anglican Church was the last of Guelph's stone churches constructed of locally-quarried limestone. This church was designed by architect Richard C. Windeyer, of the Toronto firm Richard Cunningham Windeyer and Son, who at the time was known as a major architect for private, public and Anglican ecclesiastical architecture. As R. C. Windeyer died before the construction of the church, the project was supervised by local builder John Day. Changes were made to the original plans, resulting in an unorthodox shape for an Anglican sanctuary, but exquisite in beauty, especially with its elaborately vaulted wooden ceiling and supports.

Sources: City of Guelph, By-law 1989-13198; Terry Crowley, St. James the Apostle Anglican Church, Guelph, Ontario, University of Guelph, 1989.

Character-Defining Elements

Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of St. James Church include its:
- wooden ceiling of the nave, chancel and sanctuary supported by arched timber trusses, springing from brackets designed in the form of hammer beams
- stained glass in the memorial windows in the nave, chancel and sanctuary
- diamond-patterned, older stained glass elsewhere in the building
- steeple
- slate roof
- small central tower
- existing chimney




Recognition Authority

Local Governments (ON)

Recognition Statute

Ontario Heritage Act

Recognition Type

Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1989/01/01 to 1989/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions

Function - Category and Type



Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer

Richard C. Windeyer


John Day

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

City of Guelph Community Design and Development Services 1 Carden Street Guelph, ON

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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