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Pagé - Rinfret House / Beaudry House National Historic Site of Canada

66 Rue du Roy, Cap-Santé, Quebec, G0A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1969/05/08

View of the Pagé - Rinfret House / Beaudry House, showing the placement of chimneys and dormers within the slope of the roof, 1969.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1969.
Façade
Corner view of the Pagé - Rinfret / Beaudry House, showing its steeply pitched gable roof, 1989.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 1989.
Corner view
No Image

Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1720/01/01 to 1803/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/07/06

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Pagé - Rinfret House / Beaudry House National Historic Site of Canada, situated on a slight rise overlooking the St. Lawrence River in the village of Cap-Santé, Québec, is a one-and-a-half-storey, wood-frame house, built during the 18th-century. It sits low to the ground, with a very steep gable roof accentuated by multiple dormer windows and two chimneys. The formal recognition refers to the house on its legal property.

Heritage Value

Pagé - Rinfret House / Beaudry House was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1969 because:
- its very attractive steep roof and chimney arrangement reflect the architecture of the French Regime;
- its walls of horizontal planks morticed into a heavy timber frame, presumably boarded over from the beginning, are also in an old and important French Canadian building tradition.

The Pagé – Rinfret House / Beaudry House is an attractive example of the “French-inspired traditional house,” an early 19th-century architectural style that reflects the French roots of its Québecois builders. Having evolved from earlier architectural styles of the French Regime, the Pagé – Rinfret House / Beaudry House features a roof steeper and taller than those of earlier traditional Québec houses, as well as a second storey, illuminated by dormer windows, set within the high slope of the roof. Its second chimney reflects the increasing size of the traditional Québec house during the 18th century, and the use of tin to cover the steep roof points to the relatively wide availability of this material at the time. The house’s deep curved eave and the raised gallery, two of the most recognizable features of the “French-inspired traditional house,” began to appear around the beginning of the 19th century.

The construction technique used in the Pagé – Rinfret House / Beaudry House reflects a building method adapted from Europe to Canadian conditions, and used widely throughout Québec and across western Canada during the 18th and 19th centuries. Known by various names depending on the location and materials used, the technique begins with a frame of heavy squared timber, which is then infilled with squared logs, stones or thick planks. The Pagé - Rinfret House / Beaudry House employs plank infill.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, October 1969, May 1974.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that relate to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location on a slight rise overlooking the St. Lawrence River in the village of Cap-Santé;
- features which reflect the domestic architecture of the French regime, including its roof profile, vertical massing, and chimney arrangement;
- the vertical massing and substantial size of the building;
- its steeply pitched gable roof with a slight flare to the front eave;
- the placement of chimneys and dormers within the slope of the roof;
- its use of wood as a construction material;
- its wood construction technique, consisting of a heavy timber frame with horizontal planks morticed into the timber uprights and covered with wood clapboard;
- its roof framing system;
- its rubble stone foundation;
- the original, steep, tin-plate roof on the south side of the gable roof;
- surviving original casement windows with cast iron hinges;
- surviving original materials, including the heavy timber frame, plank infill, and exterior boarding.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1969/05/08

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

François Pagé - Rinfret

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

598

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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