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Independent Order of Odd Fellows Hall

72 Princess Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3A, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1986/09/08

Primary elevations, from the southeast, of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows Hall, Winnipeg, 2007; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Tourism, 2007
Primary Elevations
Detail view of the cornice of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows Hall, Winnipeg, 2007; Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Tourism, 2007
Detail
No Image

Other Name(s)

Independent Order of Odd Fellows Hall
I.O.O.F. Hall
Centre de l'I.O.O.F.

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1883/01/01 to 1884/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/07/09

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Independent Order of Odd Fellows (I.O.O.F.) Hall, a three-storey brick commercial building erected in 1883-84, anchors one corner of an historic intersection in Winnipeg's downtown warehouse district. The City of Winnipeg designation applies to the building on its footprint.

Heritage Value

The I.O.O.F. Hall, a boxy brick structure in the Romanesque Revival style, is a Victorian-era landmark with unique exterior details that identify its origins as the first purpose-built headquarters of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in Winnipeg. This mutual benefit society, which has been in the city since 1873, was especially important in the period that predated public aid agencies because of the financial and social support it provided to needy members and their families. Its ambitious hall, distinguished on the outside by various I.O.O.F. symbols, combined public meeting rooms and a large auditorium-ballroom with two floors of revenue-generating commercial space. The enduring facility, one of the few designs that remain from the local portfolio of pioneer architect Hugh McCowan, recalls the essential role of mutual benefit societies in Winnipeg's early social development. Set at a busy intersection, the structure also contributes to the physical and historical continuity of two streetscapes in the Exchange District National Historic Site of Canada.

Source: City of Winnipeg Committee on Environment Minutes, September 8, 1986

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the heritage character of the I.O.O.F. Hall site include:
- the prominent corner location at southwest Princess Street and McDermot Avenue
- the building's physical and visual relationships with other structures of similar height, style, construction and age on both streetscapes, and its contribution to the continuous built edge and overall density within Winnipeg's Exchange District

Key elements that define the building's Romanesque Revival exterior and fraternal markings include:
- the nearly square three-storey mass with a flat roof and buff-coloured brick walls over a stone foundation and post-and-beam superstructure
- the elaborate wraparound entablature of pressed metal adorned with brackets, crescent moons, clusters of seven stars, groups of miniature Corinthian columns, the initials of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows Manitoba Lodge No. 1 displayed in horizontal sequence from within square medallions, etc.
- the symmetry of the twin Princess (east) and McDermot (north) façades, organized into vertical bays by tall pilasters and joined by a faceted bay containing the main entrance
- the regularly spaced upper-storey fenestration composed of tall narrow rectangular windows, round-arched on the second level and Gothic-style on the third, all with smooth-cut stone sills, radiating brick voussoirs and arched drip-moulding
- the variety of main-floor openings, including the round-arched entranceway and large rectangular display windows on Princess, the narrow round-headed and the variously sized rectangular windows on McDermot, etc.
- other details, such as alternating panels of inset saw-tooth-patterned and raised brickwork, moulded stringcourses, belt courses of plain brick, decorative capitals that extend the pilasters into the cornice, etc.
- the unadorned west elevation with its shallow pilasters, minimal fenestration, freight door, metal fire escape, etc.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Manitoba

Recognition Authority

City of Winnipeg

Recognition Statute

City of Winnipeg Act

Recognition Type

Winnipeg Landmark Heritage Structure

Recognition Date

1986/09/08

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Commerce / Commercial Services
Shop or Wholesale Establishment

Historic

Community
Social, Benevolent or Fraternal Club

Architect / Designer

Hugh McCowan

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

15-30 Fort Street Winnipeg MB

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

W0096

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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