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Chandler House / Rocklyn National Historic Site of Canada

Dorchester, New Brunswick, E4K, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1971/05/27

General view of the Chandler / Rocklyn House, showing the rectangular massing under a low hipped roof, 1980.; Parks Canada Agency/ Agence Parcs Canada, 1980.
General view
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Other Name(s)

Chandler House / Rocklyn National Historic Site of Canada
Chandler House / Rocklyn
Maison Chandler / Rocklyn

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1831/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/07/10

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Chandler House / Rocklyn National Historic Site of Canada is located in the town of Dorchester, New Brunswick. Built in 1831 in the Classical Revival style, this well-proportioned, two-storey, five bay house has a worked stone exterior and a low, hipped roof flanked by high stone chimneys. The front door is approached through an open porch with a pediment and columns. Official recognition refers to the building on its legal lot at the time of designation.

Heritage Value

Chandler House / Rocklyn was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1971 because:
- this Classical Revival house was built for Father of Confederation Edward Barron Chandler and remained his property throughout his long career in public office.

The heritage value resides in theClassical Revival style of the house. Fine touches in the design of the building include the considered proportions, the manner in which the pediment on the porch repeats the angle of the hipped slate roof, and in the rusticated walls on the ground floor, which contrast with the smooth ashlar facing above. Triglyphs and fluted columns enrich the handsome wooden portico, set on a stone base. This classically inspired design, with its fine detailing and use of durable materials reflect the social and economic position of Edward Barron Chandler, a leading position in mid-nineteenth century Atlantic Canada.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, May 1971; Plaque Text, June 1976.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of the site include:
- its location in Dorchester, east of the Petitcodiac River;
- its landscaped setting on the Chandler property with lawns and trees;
- the rectangular massing under a low hipped roof;
- the masonry construction material detailed on the main façade with rustication on the ground floor and smooth ashlar above;
- the five-bay, symmetrically arranged façade with classically detailed and pedimented portico;
- the typical Classical Revival fenestration with double-hung six-over-six windows flanking the central bay with its tripartite upper window and door with sidelights and fanlight;
- the centre-hall plan;
- the fine interior detailing, including the interior casement shutters, recessed shelved cupboards, original fireplace mantles, and fine mouldings of the reception rooms and hallway.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1971/05/27

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1831/01/01 to 1890/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Politics and Political Processes
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Residence
Single Dwelling

Historic

Residence
Estate

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

Edward Barron Chandler

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Québec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

164

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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