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Fort Nerepis National Historic Site of Canada

Woodman's Point Road, Woodman Point, New Brunswick, E5K, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1930/05/16

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Other Name(s)

Fort Nerepis National Historic Site of Canada
Fort Nerepis
Fort Nerepis
Beauhébert
Beauhébert
Fort Boishébert
Fort Boishébert
Fort de Nerpice
Fort de Nerpice
Beaubear
Beaubear

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1659/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/07/22

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Fort Nerepis National Historic Site of Canada is strategically located at Woodmans Point on the confluence of the Saint John and Nerepis Rivers in New Brunswick. Originally a fortified Aboriginal village, a small French fort was built at the original site circa 1749 by Charles Deschamps de Boishébert. The remains of Fort Nerepis and its precise location have never been found; however, the area on Woodmans Point is marked by a cairn and plaque erected by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. The designation refers to the presumed location of the footprint of the fort at the time of designation in 1930.

Heritage Value

Fort Nerepis was designated as a national historic site of Canada in 1930 because:
- it is the site of an ancient Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) stronghold;
- in 1749 it was strengthened by Charles Deschamps de Boishébert and used by the French in their operations against the British for several years.

Nerepis was first known to have been the site of a fortified Aboriginal village, strategically positioned to control entry into interior New Brunswick along both the Saint John and Nerepis rivers. One of the earliest documented references to Nerepis was in 1697, which noted that the Sr. de Neuvillette would take scouts from Nerepis when he journeyed along the river. Sometime after 1749, Lieutenant Charles Deschamps de Boishébert et de Raffetot moved to this location to build a small fort, and it is from him that the other names of the fort were derived. This fort remained a French foothold until around 1755 when British forces under Colonel Robert Monckton began the expulsion of Acadian French settlers throughout the region.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, May 1931, December 2008.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- the location of the fort, on Woodmans Point in the community of Grand Bay-Westfield;
- its strategic setting at the confluence of the Nerepis and Saint John rivers;
- the integrity of any surviving or as yet unidentified archaeological remains which may be found within the site in their original placement and extent;
- the viewscapes across the two rivers.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1930/05/16

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1749/01/01 to 1749/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Canada's Earliest Inhabitants
Governing Canada
Military and Defence

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Defence
Military Defence Installation
Community
Settlement

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

211

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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