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Rundle's Mission National Historic Site of Canada

Sundance Beach, Alberta, T0C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1963/10/28

View of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada plaque and cairn making the site, 2005.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, 2005.
General view
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Other Name(s)

Rundle's Mission National Historic Site of Canada
Rundle's Mission
Mission Rundle
Pigeon Lake Mission
Mission Beach
Benjamin and Margaret Sinclair Provincial Historic Site
Lieu historique provincial Benjamin-et-Margaret-Sinclair

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1847/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/07/24

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Rundle’s Mission National Historic Site of Canada is located on the north shore of Pigeon Lake, in Alberta. Associated with Reverend Robert Terrill Rundle, the Wesleyan chaplain to the Hudson’s Bay Company, the site was selected in 1847 for the establishment of a permanent mission. While there are no visible resources of the original mission, archaeological testing has revealed evidence associated with early mission buildings, including remains of houses, an artesian well and possible pre-contact resources. Official recognition refers to the original site of the mission.

Heritage Value

Rundle’s Mission was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1928 because:
- in 1840, Robert Terrill Rundle, a Wesleyan chaplain to the Hudson's Bay Company, began the first mission to the First Nations of the Western Plains; and,
- in 1847, he built a mission house to foster Aboriginal education and agriculture.

In 1840, Reverend Robert Terrill Rundle was one of four Wesleyan Methodists invited by the Governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company to establish missions in Rupert’s Land. When Rundle arrived at Edmonton, he was the first missionary of any faith to serve in the prairie region between the Pacific Ocean and Norway House, in Manitoba.

Reverend Rundle traveled extensively throughout the area for several years before attempting to establish a permanent mission. In 1847, he selected a site on Pigeon Lake that became the first Protestant mission in the prairies. After Rundle was forced to leave the west due to ill health, responsibility for developing the site, known as ‘Mission Beach,’ belonged to Benjamin Sinclair, a lay preacher, and his wife, who managed the mission for the next few years until leaving for Notre Dame des Victoires / Lac La Biche Mission. The mission was briefly re-established in the mid-1850s, but was unsuccessful until almost a decade later when a permanent mission was created by John and Abigail McDougall, which operated until 1906.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, October 1965, October 2007.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of the site include:
- its siting on the north shore of Pigeon Lake in Alberta;
- its remote, wooded setting overlooking the lake;
- the evidence associated with the early mission buildings, including the remains of Benjamin Sinclair’s house, a large cellar depression, the possible foundation from the Mission House, the artesian well, buildings built by Aboriginal families, as well as other depressions, middens and mounds;
- the location, extent and materials of above and below ground archaeological artifacts and remains relating to the site’s use as a mission and the work of Robert Terrill Rundle;
- the viewplanes to and from the mission site and the lake.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1963/10/28

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1840/01/01 to 1840/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions
Building Social and Community Life
Education and Social Well-Being

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Mission

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

38

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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