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Hartland Covered Bridge

31 Main Street, Hartland, New Brunswick, E7P, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1999/09/15

Front corner view of the bridge and its vertical board  of front and side; PNB 2004
Hartland Covered Bridge, front corner view
Panoramic view of the bridge and surroundings.; PNB 2004
Hartland Covered Bridge, side view.
Panoramic view of the bridge, river and immediate landscape; PNB 2004
Hartland Covered Bridge, side view

Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1901/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2004/07/22

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Hartland Covered Bridge Provincial Historic Site consists of a seven span Howe truss structure, 391m long, crossing the St. John River at Hartland.

Heritage Value

The Hartland Covered Bridge is the longest covered bridge in the world and one of the most recognized structures in Canada. It is significant both for its structural qualities, contributions to transportation, and as a symbol of the heritage of covered bridges in New Brunswick.

After the destruction of two spans of the original 1901 structure during an ice jam in 1920, the bridge was completely rebuilt and covered by 1922. The present bridge is a standard covered bridge structure composed of a Howe truss superstructure enclosed with vertical unpainted weatherboard siding and shingle roof. It is typical of New Brunswick covered bridges in its details of construction and lack of ornamentation

An interior electric light system was first installed in 1924, making it one of the few illuminated covered bridges. The covered pedestrian sidewalk on the downriver side was added in 1945.

Source: New Brunswick Culture and Sport Secretariat, Heritage Branch, Site File # 88.

Character-Defining Elements

- its original location spanning the Saint John River;
- the bridge’s length at 391 m, making it the longest covered in the world;
- the heavy-timber Howe truss structure, typical of covered bridge construction and engineering of this period in New Brunswick;
- the concrete piers supporting the trusses, with their tapered shape on the upriver side to break ice flows;
- the shingled gable roof typical of New Brunswick covered bridges

The material elements of the bridge, typical of the majority of New Brunswick’s covered bridges, include:
- virtually no roof overhangs on the gable ends and roof eaves;
- lack of ornamentation;
- the vertical unpainted weatherboard siding material;
- the plain ends with their arched portals finished with weathered boards and thin white painted trim boards;
- the outer board sheathing on the upriver side that has a row of small openings allowing light and air, roofed with small projections to keep out snow and rain;
- the covered pedestrian sidewalk on the downriver side;
- illumination by an interior electric light system.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Province of New Brunswick

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites Protection Act, s. 2(1)

Recognition Type

Historic Sites Protection Act – Historic

Recognition Date

1999/09/15

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Communications and Transportation
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Transport-Land
Bridge, Tunnel or Other Engineering Work

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Branch - Site File 88, Hartland Covered Bridge

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

88

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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