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R. Nathaniel Dett British Methodist Episcopal Church National Historic Site of Canada

5674 Peer Street, Niagara Falls, Ontario, L2G, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1999/11/21

View of the main façade of the R. Nathaniel Dett British Methodist Episcopal Church, showing the wood-frame construction and modest porch entry.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
Façade
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Other Name(s)

R. Nathaniel Dett British Methodist Episcopal Church National Historic Site of Canada
R. Nathaniel Dett British Methodist Episcopal Church
Église British Methodist Episcopal R. Nathaniel Dett
Nathaniel Dett Memorial Chapel
Chapelle commémorative Nathaniel Dett

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1836/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/08/06

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

R. Nathaniel Dett British Methodist Episcopal Church National Historic Site of Canada is a small wood-frame church located in a residential community close to the business district in the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario. This gable-roofed, three-bay, single-storey building features regularly placed openings. Its gable end features a quatrefoil window set above a modest entry porch flanked by lancet windows. Its open speaking box design and intimate interior speak to the close involvement of its African-Canadian congregation. Official recognition refers to the exterior and interior of the building at the time of designation in 2000.

Heritage Value

R. Nathaniel Dett British Methodist Episcopal Church was designated a national historic site of Canada in 2000 because:
- it illustrates the early black settlement of the Niagara area and the role of the church in the reception, shelter and assistance of newly arrived Underground Railroad refugees;
- it is importantly associated with the formative years of R. Nathaniel Dett, a leading figure 20th-century North American sacred music.

The heritage value of this site resides in the location, form and materials of the building and in its continued use by the African-Canadian community. An important symbol within the community, this chapel was constructed in 1836 on Murray Street in the Fallsview area and later rolled on logs, down the hill, to a less damp and windy site in the present Drummondville area, and set up on a lot donated by Oliver Parnall, a successful refugee from slavery. The congregation had existed since the arrival of the Loyalists after the American Revolution and continued to grow with the arrival of Black refugees fleeing American slavery. In 1983, the church was renamed to commemorate Nathaniel Dett (1882-1943), a parishioner who became an internationally renowned musician and composer of North American sacred music. The importance of music to the black community went far beyond that community’s boundaries because music was often one of the only ways in which the black and white communities interacted. Music had a special appeal that could temporarily break down racial divides, as is illustrated by the careers of both R. Nathaniel Dett and Portia White. The church currently houses the Norval Johnson Heritage Library, a collection of material on the history of the local community.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, November 1999.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location within the centre of the City of Niagara Falls;
- its siting close to the street;
- its single-storey rectangular massing under a pitched roof;
- its wood-frame construction on a stone foundation;
- its three-bay side elevations with evenly spaced lancet windows, its quatrefoil window, and the modest porch entry on one gable end;
- its open interior volume with wooden pews facing a raised dais with the altar;
- its 19th-century rear addition, accommodating community activities;
- its continued accessibility to the community.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1999/11/21

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations
Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

1899

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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