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Battle of the Windmill National Historic Site of Canada

County Road 2 East, Prescott, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1920/01/30

General view of Battle of the Windmill, showing the panoramic viewscapes from the upper storeys of the windmill, 2009.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, André Guindon, 2009.
General view
General view of Battle of the Windmill, showing the remains of built features still associated with the battle including the windmill, 2006.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, Prescott, 2006.
General view
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Other Name(s)

Battle of the Windmill
Battle of the Windmill National Historic Site of Canada
Bataille du Moulin-à-Vent
Windmill Point
Pointe du Moulin-à-Vent

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/10/06

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Battle of the Windmill National Historic Site of Canada is a fragment of a battlefield located on Windmill Point overlooking the St. Lawrence River at Newport, Ontario. The designated area for Battle of the Windmill battlefield comprises a semi-circular arc with a 400-metre radius that extends landwards from the windmill, and completed by another semi-circular arc with a 400-metre radius that encompasses the section of the river that borders the windmill. Only a small portion of this area is included in the property of the historic site. The designation is limited to the approximately 10 per cent of the battlefield, which is administered by Parks Canada.

Heritage Value

Battle of the Windmill was declared a National Historic Site of Canada site because:
- it was the site of a victory of a British force, comprised of imperial and colonial troops, over an invading force of American “Hunters” and Canadian rebels in November 1838.

The heritage value of Battle of the Windmill National Historic Site of Canada resides in the legibility of natural and built features of the cultural landscape associated with the Battle of the Windmill, and the undisturbed battle remains it contains.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 1981; Commemorative Integrity Statement.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that contribute to the heritage character of the site include:
- the location on a high point of land overlooking the St. Lawrence River at Newport, Ontario;
- the remains of built features still associated with the battle including the windmill in its found form and materials, heavy masonry construction, and disposition of window and door openings;
- the viewplanes from the windmill to the surviving stone house;
- the integrity and legibility of surviving landforms and landscape features, both natural and manmade, that are linked to the battle, such as the trace of roadway, the heights of land to the north of the site, the remaining open fields, the shore line and the river;
- the integrity and materials of any surviving archaeological remains, features and artifacts in their original placement and extent, including in situ vestiges and marine archaeological resources associated with the battle;
- the visual and landscape character of the site including the panoramic viewscapes from the upper storeys of the windmill south across the river, up and down river, and north across the battlefield.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1920/01/30

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1838/01/01 to 1838/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Military and Defence

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Defence
Battle Site

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

496

Status

Published

Related Places

Detail

Windmill Tower

The Windmill Tower stands prominently on Windmill Point, a height of land near the town of Prescott, where it overlooks the old King’s Highway and the St. Lawrence River. The 62…

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