85, Essex, Town of Goderich, Ontario, N7A, Canada
85 Essex Street
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Judges' House is on the east side of Essex Street, south of Elgin Avenue West, in the Town of Goderich. The two-and-a-half-storey white brick residence was constructed in 1877.
The property was designated by the Town of Goderich in 1986 for heritage value under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act (By-law 81 of 1986).
The Judges' House is significant for its association with the judges who presided over Huron County from 1867 to 1978. Four Judges resided successively in this residence for just over 100 years: Wilmot Squier, who built the residence in 1877, followed by James Masson, E.N. Lewis (also a Member of Parliament) and Glenn Hays.
The house has a simple façade that derives its elegance from the symmetry of the three bays. The symmetry is further emphasized by the square bay windows at the first storey as well as the porch (later addition) under the central gable. The massing is lightened by the delicacy of the wooden bargeboards and rails over the bay windows. The large setback of the house and its situation on a corner lot in close proximity to the lake, also contributes to the historic character of the Judges' House.
Source: Town of Goderich, By-law 81 of 1986.
Character defining elements to the heritage value of the Judges' House include its:
- two-and-a-half storey construction
- white brick exterior
- two brick chimneys
- symmetrical three-bay façade
- decorative bargeboards and rails
- hip roof including three cross gables
- square bay windows, topped by decorative rails
- porch under the centre gable
- keystones and voussoirs
- porthole windows on second storey
- location on a corner lot, set-back from the road
- close proximity to the lake
Local Governments (ON)
Ontario Heritage Act
Municipal Heritage Designation (Part IV)
Theme - Category and Type
- Governing Canada
- Security and Law
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Town of Goderich
57 West Street
Cross-Reference to Collection