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Bolton-Est Town Hall National Historic Site of Canada

Bolton-Est, Quebec, J0B, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1984/11/23

General view of Bolton-Est Town Hall, showing the wood frame construction and white painted clapboard siding.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada.
General view
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Other Name(s)

Bolton-Est Town Hall
Mairie du canton de Bolton-Est
Bolton-Est Town Hall National Historic Site of Canada

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1867/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/11/30

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Bolton-Est Town Hall National Historic Site of Canada consists of a two-storey clapboard township hall building, located in the municipality of Bolton-Est, Quebec. Although the building dates from the second half of the 19th century and is very small in scale, Bolton-Est Town Hall has a highly sophisticated architectural design. Designed to serve several purposes, the Bolton-Est Town Hall contained facilities for town administration and a courtroom. Official recognition refers to the building on its legal lot at the time of its designation and in its existing spatial relationships.

Heritage Value

The Bolton-Est Town Hall was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1984 because:
- a rare example of regional building traditions, this structure stands as a graceful tribute to the development of local self-government and to community spirit.

The Municipal and Road Act for Lower Canada was passed in 1855, resulting in the construction of many public buildings in the English-speaking communities of rural Québec during the second half of the 19th century. The Bolton-Est Town Hall was erected in 1867 and for economic reasons, used a volunteer community workforce, was constructed of locally obtained wood and was designed to serve various functions. It housed a council chamber and a social meeting place; however, the presence of a classroom on the ground floor is unique and distinguishes the building from previous township halls in Canada. The Bolton-Est Town Hall is also a rare example of a wood township hall that has preserved some of its functions, its original appearance and its sophisticated architecture. This structure stands as a graceful tribute to the development of local self-government and to community spirit in Canada.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, March 1991.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location in the municipality of Bolton-Est, Quebec on the banks of the Missisquoi River;
- its setting on a small treed lot close to route Missisquoi;
- the building’s design, consisting of a two-storey rectangular structure with a gable roof, and a symmetrical main façade with a projecting centre;
- the volume of the building and its openings including the openings that testify the presence of a classroom on the ground floor;
- the wood frame construction and white painted clapboard siding;
- any surviving interior elements of the functional plan and any surviving original interior finishes;
- viewscapes from the site across route Missisquoi to the Missisquoi River.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1984/11/23

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Government and Institutions
Building Social and Community Life
Education and Social Well-Being

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Library

Historic

Education
One-Room School
Government
Town or City Hall
Community
Civic Space

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

595

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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