Home / Accueil


Saint Lawrence Islands National Park of Canada, Ontario, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1995/02/06

General view of the Shelter, showing the simple, open design and unpartitioned interior space, 1992.; Archaeological Services and Historica Ltd., 1992.
General view
No Image
No Image

Other Name(s)

Shelter (Beaurivage Island)

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2009/12/16

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Shelter, located on Beaurivage Island, lies within in the St. Lawrence Islands National Park of Canada. Constructed in the rustic style, this rectangular, single-storey wooden picnic shelter is open-sided on three sides while a wall pierced by two windows encloses the rear of the structure. Wooden posts at the perimeter support a hipped roof, while the building has an open interior space. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Beaurivage Island Shelter is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values.

Historical value
The Beaurivage Island Shelter is a very good example of a building associated with the development of Canada’s national park system and early Canadian tourism. It is also associated with the emerging ideals of protecting and enhancing designated wilderness areas for the pleasure and benefit of Canadians, and with the increase in visitors to Canadian parks during the interwar years. In response to public demand, the Crown created the Saint Lawrence Islands National Park of Canada, eastern Canada’s first national park. The Beaurivage Island Shelter was built in response to a perceived need for additional facilities.

Architectural value
The Beaurivage Island Shelter is valued for its very good aesthetics. It is a good example of the rustic aesthetic developed in the 1920s and 1930s for use throughout Canada’s national park system, which was thought to complement the natural setting, and reflected the picturesque aesthetic consistent with National Parks’ tradition. The Beaurivage Island Shelter demonstrates the use of milled-wood frame construction as a more economical alternative to log construction, achieving a rustic image at minimal cost. Good functional design is evidenced in the open interior, while good craftsmanship is evidenced in the woodwork.

Environmental value
The Beaurivage Island Shelter maintains an unchanged relationship to its site, is compatible with the picturesque character of Beaurivage Island and is a familiar landmark to the local community and park visitors.

Sources: Kate MacFarlane, Twenty Eight Buildings, St. Lawrence Islands National Park, Ontario, Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office, Reports 93-023 through 93-038; Beaurivage Island Picnic Shelter, St. Lawrence Islands National Park, Ontario, Heritage Character Statement 93-037.

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Beaurivage Island Shelter should be respected.

Its rustic aesthetic and conformity to standard designs for national park picnic shelters, as manifested in:
- the simple, open design and unpartitioned interior space; in keeping with its role as a public picnic shelter;
- the hipped roof, exposed rafters, vertical wood support posts, wood brackets, low surrounding railing at the front of the structure, and concrete slab floor;
- the use of milled-wood frame construction.

Its unusual design features, as manifested in:
- the enclosed space pierced by two windows at the rear of the structure.

The manner in which it reinforces the picturesque, yet accessible character of the setting as evidenced in:
- its location on Beaurivage Island;
- the compatibility of the building’s rustic form, natural materials and rustic detailing with the picturesque setting;
- the unchanged relationship with the site, in particular its sitting on a remote, wooded island, with a privy and a dock nearby.




Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Recognized Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type



Park Fixture

Architect / Designer

Architectural Division of the National Parks Branch



Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




Related Places



Advanced SearchAdvanced Search
Nearby Places