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Blacklead Island Whaling Station National Historic Site of Canada

Blacklead Island, Nunavut, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1985/06/17

Historic image of the Blacklead Island Whaling Station site, 1903.; Library and Archives Canada \ Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, A.P. Low, 3406600, 1903.
General view
Historic image of the Blacklead Island Whaling Station showing the original semi-subterranean Thule houses, 1903.; Natural Resources Canada \ Ressources naturelles Canada, 1903.
General view
Panoramic view of the entrance to Blacklead Island, 1903.; Library and Archives Canada \ Bibliothèque et Archives Canada, A.P. Low, 3203732, 1903.
Panorama

Other Name(s)

Blacklead Island Whaling Station
Poste de pêche à la baleine de l'île Blacklead
Inukjuak Cemetery
Inukjuak Cemetery
Blacklead Island Whaling Station National Historic Site of Canada
Norris Island
Norris Island
Umanaqjuaq
Umanaqjuaq
Poste de pêche à la baleine de l'île Blacklead

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1860/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2010/02/19

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Blacklead Island Whaling Station National Historic Site of Canada is located on Blacklead Island in Nunavut in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Blacklead Island was used by the Inuit as a winter camp and for whaling, and later by Europeans. Situated in the south of Cumberland Sound, the site is comprised of three archaeological sites on the Blacklead, Niantilik and Cemetery Islands, the shipwrecks off Aagotirpazask Island, and the archaeological site at the forks of Ptarmigan Fiord. Official recognition refers to the five nodes, which together make up the site.

Heritage Value

Blacklead Island Whaling Station was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1985 because:
- it represents whaling in the Eastern Arctic as one of the most important whaling stations and vessel wintering sites in Cumberland Sound from the 1860’s until the early 20th century;
- it includes a good example of a contact-period Inuit village, illustrating the impact of the whaling industry on the economy and culture of the Inuit.

Blacklead Island Whaling Station was the site of two permanent whaling outposts dating from the middle of the 19th century. Similar sites were established at roughly the same time at Kekerton Island, and on Hall Peninsula, Baffin Island. An Anglican mission was built at Blacklead in 1895. In 1921, the Hudson’s Bay Company built a post at Pangnirtung and a Royal Canadian Mounted Police post was established two years later. As Inuit communities living at Blacklead and at Kekerton began to congregate at Pangnirtung, the whaling stations were eventually abandoned.

Sources: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 2009.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements contributing to the heritage character of the site include:
- its location in the southern end of Cumberland Sound, in Nunavut;
- its setting on Blacklead, Niantilik and Cemetery Islands near Aagotirpazask Island and the forks of Ptarmigan Fiord;
- any elements of interior features that remain in situ;
- the viewscapes to and from the various locations of the site.

The integrity of any surviving or as yet unidentified archaeological remains that may be found within the site in their original placement and extent, specifically:
- any remains at the Fort of Ptarmigan Fiord, including semi-subterranean Thule houses, quarmats, tent rings, wrought iron hooks, square nails, and iron debris;
- any remains at Aagotirpazask, including planks, timbers, wooden pegs, and iron plate;
- any remains at Cemetery Island, including graves and markers;
- any remains at Niantilik, including tent rings and quarmats, whale and walrus bone, meat caches and stone cairns scattered cultural remains such as tin cans, crockery, glass bottle fragments;
- any remains at Blacklead Station, including seven large oil settling tanks, stone foundations of the Anglican Mission and the Scottish outpost, the ruins of a landing-ramp and a coal storage building.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1985/06/17

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

1860/01/01 to 1921/01/01
1895/01/01 to 1895/01/01

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement
Developing Economies
Hunting and Gathering

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Food Supply
Hunting or Resource Harvesting Site
Community
Settlement

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

320

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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