Battlefield of Fort George National Historic Site of Canada
Battlefield of Fort George
Battle of Fort George
Bataille du Fort-George
Bataille du Fort George
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Battlefield of Fort George National Historic Site is located near Fort George National Historic Site of Canada in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario. The rolling open landscape near the shore of Lake Ontario at Two Mile Creek was the site of one of the fiercest and most important battles of the War of 1812. There are no extant remains of the 1813 battle between American invading forces and British regulars and Canadian militia; however, a cairn and plaque erected by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC) marks the northeast corner of the battle site. Official recognition refers to the irregular polygon encompassing the battlefield.
Battlefield of Fort George was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1921 because:
- it gave the American army temporary control over the entrance to the Niagara River and blocked vital British supplies being shipped to the western posts.
The heritage value of the Battlefield of Fort George lies in the landscape, which was witness to a significant battle fought on Canadian soil. The Battle of Fort George, which took place from May 25 to 27, 1813, constituted some of the fiercest fighting during the War of 1812, as British and Canadian forces attempted to prevent the American landing at Two Mile Creek. Victory in the Battle of Fort George permitted the Americans to gain a toehold on the Niagara Peninsula forcing the British and Canadian forces to temporarily abandon the peninsula. Despite their victory, the Americans were checked at the Battle of Stoney Creek, and were ultimately overcome in Niagara (now Niagara-on-the-Lake), which they abandoned and burned in December 1813.
Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, 1921.
Key elements which contribute to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location near Fort George National Historic Site of Canada at Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario;
- its setting on an open, rolling landscape near the shore of Lake Ontario at Two Mile Creek;
- the surviving landscape features significant to the conduct of the battle including the American landing site, the ravines of One Mile and Two Mile Creeks, Four Mile Pond, the beach with its steep and crumbling bank, as well as the flat plateau above the bank with its mixture of forest and clearing;
- the presence of Carolinian forest and other plants native to the Niagara area;
- the plaque and cairn erected by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, surrounded by a fence;
- the integrity of any surviving or as yet unidentified archaeological remains relating to the battle which may be found within the site in their original placement and extent;
- viewscapes across Lake Ontario.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1813/05/25 to 1813/05/27
Theme - Category and Type
- Governing Canada
- Military and Defence
Function - Category and Type
- Commemorative Monument
- Battle Site
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection