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Taylor Estate

23 Taylor Lane, Hillsborough, New Brunswick, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2010/01/04

The original cottage built in 1786 is dwarfed by the addition built circa 1840.
The open hearth has been incorporated into the modern kitchen the original cottage has become.; Village of Hillsborough
Taylor Estate - Looking north
This image shows the imposing house accentuated by the well-mantained collection of outbuildings which attend it.; Village of Hillsborough
Taylor Estate - Looking east
Image of the estate looking west from Main Street circa 1900. The manor house looks out over the village of Surrey.; Village of Hillsborough, William Henry Steeves House Museum archives
Taylor Estate - Circa 1900

Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1786/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2010/03/31

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Taylor Estate consists of an original Cape Cod style residence from 1786 and a larger two-storey Italianate residence constructed circa 1840. The estate is located on Taylor Lane in Hillsborough and includes outbuildings.

Heritage Value

The Taylor Estate is designated a Local Historic Place for its association the role its first owner played in creating a new society in what is now Albert County.

After the Acadian people were expelled from the Petitcodiac Valley in 1755, their lands were divided into 40,500 hectare lots which were granted to business interests in return for a pledge to repopulate the area. Adam Hoops of Pennsylvania acquired a share of the Hillsborough settlement. In 1764, his surveyor, Charles Baker, divided the township into lots. He kept two of the most promising tracts for himself. In 1786, one of these tracts was deeded to William Taylor. Mr. Taylor was born in lowland Scotland in 1736. He emigrated first to Ireland and later to America. After the American Independence, he arrived in Hillsborough as a United Empire Loyalist. His four hundred hectare grant extended south from what is now the United Church past the Valley Baptist Church and extended west from the Petitcodiac River to include what is now the golf course. Included on his property were deposits of gypsum, stands of forests and a large area of dyked marsh land. His first dwelling is the central, single-storey section of the present house complex. As the community of Surrey grew on this parcel of land so grew the fortunes of the Taylor family.

While William Taylor and his male heirs have guided the family’s fortunes successfully for more than two hundred years, the determination and intelligence of his female descendants were an influence on the developing community as strong matriarchs of influential families in Hillsborough. His daughter, Mary Taylor, married a ship builder, Richard Gross of Boston, who moved to Surrey in the mid 1790’s. He brought with him the latest ship design and construction methods. Mary was the matriarch of a prominent Hillsborough family that included doctors, merchants, public house keepers and Union American Civil War soldiers, to name a few. Their daughter, Martha Taylor, married Joseph Steeves and raised not only a Father of Confederation William Henry, but also his three brothers who joined him to build the ‘Steeves Brothers’ enterprise into one of the largest shipping concerns in the country. Her youngest son, James, a doctor, became the first director of the Saint John Asylum. He is recognized by the Canadian Physiatrist Association for his accomplishments.

The Taylor Estate is also recognized for its architecture. The original residence, which constitutes the central portion of the residence, is a single-storey Cape Cod residence with a lateral gable roof and a gable-roofed dormer. The original open hearth fire place is still recognizable in the present day kitchen. The manor house from circa 1840 is an early example of Italianate residential architecture. The massing, the brackets under the eaves and the projecting square frontispiece all reflect this style. The present owners have maintained the property splendidly. Their addition of a vineyard has complimented the sense of gentile living and old world charm that has gradually replaced the rough hewn frontier life of 1786.

Source: Heritage Hillsborough, William Henry Steeves House Museum, Local Historic Places files

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements relating to the Taylor Estate include:
- two-storey rectangular massing;
- low-sloped hipped roof;
- evenly spaced curved bracket under eaves;
- dentils at the top of exterior walls;
- gable-roofed dormers;
- large flared red brick chimney with two inserts;
- bay windows with brackets under the eaves on the front and side façades;
- tall 2-over-2 double-hung windows with bracketed entablatures;
- clapboard sheathing;
- double door entrance with transom window, sidelights and entablature;
- square projecting frontispiece with a hipped roof;
- sandstone foundation with red brick exterior walls;
- former open veranda, now an enclosed sun porch;
- wooden steps;
- original single-storey Cape Cod section with a lateral gable roof;
- 2 large outbuildings.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Local Historic Places Program

Recognition Type

Municipal Register of Local Historic Places

Recognition Date

2010/01/04

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement
Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Governing Canada
Military and Defence
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Residence
Estate

Historic

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

William Taylor

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

William Henry Steeves House Museum, 40 Mill Street, Hillsborough, NB, E4H 2Z8

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

1956

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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