Madeleine de Verchères National Historic Site of Canada
Madeleine de Verchères
Madeleine de Verchères
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Madeleine de Verchères National Historic Site of Canada is located in a small landscaped park on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River in Verchères, Quebec. The site consists of a 7.2-metre high bronze statue of Madeleine de Verchères set atop a tapered conical tower with a square stone base, which stands sentinel facing the St. Lawrence River. The site also includes the manicured grass area and the fence surrounding the monument. Official recognition refers to the 30.5-metre parcel of land at the centre of which the monument was erected in 1913.
Madeleine de Verchères was designated a national historic site of Canada in 1923 because:
- this monument was erected in honor of Madeleine de Verchères, then aged 14, who took the commandment of Fort Verchères in 1692 and successfully defended it for eight days against a war-party of Iroquois.
In 1692, a group of Iroquois attacked Fort Verchères in what was then New France. At the time of the attack, 14 year-old Madeleine de Verchères (1678-1747), her two younger brothers, an elderly servant and two soldiers held the fort. Young Madeleine led the defence, which after eight days of resistance, ended in victory.
In the early 20th century, the Governor General of Canada, Lord Grey, recommended a commemoration project to honour the role Madeleine de Verchères played in defending Fort Verchères. After seeing the statuette of Madeleine de Verchères created by Louis-Philippe Hébert in 1910, the Governor General proposed reproducing the statuette on a larger scale and placing it on the headland of Verchères, facing the St. Lawrence River. The monument was erected in 1913, and in 1927, a plaque was added by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada.
Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minutes, July 2009; Plaque Text, May 1927.
The key elements that contribute to the heritage value of this site include:
- its location on low-lying land next to the St. Lawrence River in Verchères, Quebec;
- its proximity to the original site of the battle of Fort Verchères;
- the orientation of the monument facing the St Lawrence River;
- the construction of the square base using dressed white limestone and contrasting darker coursed rubblework;
- the tripartite design of the monument, including the tapered conical tower measuring 4.5 metres square and 5.5 metres high, the detailing including quoins, loopholes, and crenellation at the top of the tower the square pedestal of the bronze statue;
- the small section of wall projecting from the west side of the monument;
- the bronze statue of Madeleine de Verchères measuring 7.2 metres in height;
- the site plan, including the monument, the paths, the surrounding areas of manicured grass and the
- viewscapes to and from the site and the town and the shoreline of the St. Lawrence River.
Government of Canada
Historic Sites and Monuments Act
National Historic Site of Canada
1692/01/01 to 1692/01/01
1913/01/01 to 1913/01/01
Theme - Category and Type
- Peopling the Land
- Governing Canada
- Military and Defence
Function - Category and Type
- Commemorative Monument
- Historic or Interpretive Site
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec.
Cross-Reference to Collection