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Richard Steeves House

2812 Main Street, Hillsborough, New Brunswick, E4H, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2009/12/07

This building was built by Richard Steeves circa 1840 and first lived in by his brother William Henry Steeves, a Father of Confederation.; Village of Hillsborough, from William Henry Steeves House archives
View from the northeast
The scale of this house and the attention to elaborate detail indicate it was built to reflect the new wealth in the community.; Village of Hillsborough
Viewed from the south east corner
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Other Name(s)

Wallace House
Maison Wallace
Richard Steeves House

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)


Listed on the Canadian Register: 2011/03/01

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Built circa 1840, the Richard Steeves House is a two-and-a-half storey late Georgian residence. It is located on Main Street in Hillsborough.

Heritage Value

The Richard Steeves House is historically significant for its association with its past occupants and for representing an elevation in living standards at the time of its construction.

This house was built using the same basic design and during the same period as the William Henry Steeves House (40 Mill Street). They were built by a father and son in the 1840's. Although this house was built by Richard Steeves, the first occupant was his brother, William Henry Steeves, who was the founder and president of the Steeves Brothers Co., a company that dominated the local business scene. William Henry and his wife Mary moved to this house shortly after they were married. All six of their children were born here. In his role as a Father of Confederation, William Henry Steeves attended the Quebec Confederation Conference in 1864. One daughter, Lucinda Jane, etched her initials three times into one of the 12-paned front parlour windows. The handiwork of her flowing hand is still clearly visible. As the saga of William Henry’s family unfolded over the next fifty years, Lucinda’s daughter, Edith, married the 17th Duke of Somerset, introducing a touch of British aristocracy to the Steeves family name.

The Steeves Brothers Co. moved its operations to Saint John, NB in 1862 at which time the house became occupied by its builder, Richard Steeves. He was Hillsborough’s post master from 1855 until 1901. His son, Archibald, acquired the property in 1883. Following his ownership, the building was acquired by the Wallace Family, in whose hands it has remained for more than one hundred years.

The building’s grander scale of architecture and the imported elements incorporated into its interior reflect an elevation in living standards during this period in Hillsborough. In some cases, the growing economy of Hillsborough during the 1840’s allowed the same family to move from a one room cabin to a ten room mansion virtually overnight. During this decade, ship building, lumbering, mining, aquaculture and the business of importing and exporting all reached maturity. The size and the luxurious appointments of the village’s houses from this period point to the nouveau riche social class that had arisen. The exterior of this residence exhibits the added refinement of an elaborately decorated square bay window above the porch entrance. The interior features a one hundred and eighty degree staircase, three-metre-high ceilings on the first two levels, an engraved marble fire place imported from Italy, tinned ceilings on both levels and built-in china cabinets with bevelled glass.

Source: Heritage Hillsborough, William Henry Steeves House Museum, Local Historic places files

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements relating to the exterior of the Richard Steeves House include:
- two-and-a-half storey rectangular massing;
- moderately pitched lateral gable roof;
- returned eaves;
- clapboard sheathing;
- single-hung multi-paned storm windows;
- double-hung windows;
- decorative fan pediment;
- double door entrance with sidelights and a transom window;
- decorative fan designs on the lower door and sidelight panels;
- veranda with balustrade;
- stone foundation;
- inset red brick chimney;
- bay windows with hipped roof and entablatures.



New Brunswick

Recognition Authority

Local Governments (NB)

Recognition Statute

Heritage Conservation Act

Recognition Type

Local Historic Place (municipal)

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design
Building Social and Community Life
Community Organizations

Function - Category and Type


Single Dwelling


Architect / Designer



Richard Steeves

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

William Henry Steeves House Museum, 40 Mill Street, Hillsborough, NB, E4H 2Z8

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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