13-15 King Street, Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, B0J, Canada
Compass Rose Inn
Mariner King Bed & Breakfast
Links and documents
1829/01/01 to 1836/01/01
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
Zwicker House is located at the corner of King and Pelham Streets in the centre of Old Town, a Heritage Conservation District in Lunenburg, NS. Built between 1829 and 1836, the building is two-and-a-half storey wooden home with Italianate features, built across the streetline. Designation covers the building and surrounding property.
Zwicker House is valued as a typical example of early nineteenth century Lunenburg houses. Originally Georgian in design, the roof and front elevation were renovated to reflect Victorian tastes sometime before 1879. The interior, particularly the main floor, remains Georgian in character. The building has a central 'Lunenburg Bump', a local derivation of the five-sided Scottish dormer, which has been integrated with a projecting frontispiece to suggest Italianate design. The detailing on the front of the wood shingled building is original, and includes ornamentation around the front door and windows. The building has recently been repainted in charcoal grey to reflect the common practice of nineteenth century mariners to paint their homes the colour of their ships.
The house is also valued for its associations with the Zwicker family of Lunenburg. It was purchased from the original owner in 1836 by Lunenburg merchant and ship owner, John Zwicker, and remained in the Zwicker family until the 1950s. A notable member of that family who lived in this house was Sherman Zwicker, a former mayor of Lunenburg.
Source: Heritage Designation File 66400-40-08, Town of Lunenburg.
Character-defining elements of Zwicker House include:
- all original Georgian details, such as: hipped roof with a central dormer; interior features, such as archways and fireplace surrounds; wide cornerboards on all corners; balanced three bay façade; large bracketed canopy over the front door.
- all original Victorian details such as: prominent 'Lunenburg Bump' dormer joined with a projecting central frontispiece to form an Italianate front; detailing around door and windows, and under the door canopy; bracketing over windows and doors; tall two-over-two windows.
Local Governments (NS)
Heritage Property Act
Municipally Registered Property
Theme - Category and Type
- Peopling the Land
Function - Category and Type
- Commerce / Commercial Services
- Hotel, Motel or Inn
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
W. Plaskett, "Lunenburg: An Inventory of Historic Buildings" (Lunenburg: Lighthouse Press, 1984)
Cross-Reference to Collection