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St. Paul's Anglican Church

Trinity (Trinity Bay), Newfoundland and Labrador, A0C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1987/08/06

Exterior photo, main facade, St. Paul's Anglican Church, Trinity, Newfoundland.; Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador 2005
St. Paul's Anglican Church, Trinity, Newfoundland
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Other Name(s)


Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1892/01/01 to 1894/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/02/15

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

St. Paul’s Anglican Church is a timber framed church built between 1892 and 1894 in the Gothic Revival style of architecture. St. Paul’s Anglican Church is located in the community of Trinity in Trinity Bay Newfoundland. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

St. Paul’s Anglican Church is designated as a Registered Heritage Structure due to its architectural and historical values.

St. Paul’s Anglican Church is architecturally valuable as an excellent example of the Gothic Revival style. Unlike other Gothic Revival churches in rural Newfoundland, St. Paul’s Anglican Church is much more elaborate in its layout and decoration. While most rural Gothic churches are built in a simplified manner, St. Paul’s Anglican Church features a centre and side aisle layout and a large tower topped with a spire. Other Gothic features include arched windows and doors, a large rose window, finials and clerestorey windows. The interior of St. Paul’s Anglican Church is also architecturally valuable because it has never been painted. It is likely the only rural Newfoundland church that does not have a painted interior, the interior woodwork is exposed and modern heating and lighting efforts have been concealed. The size and scale of this church is also valuable as an indicator of the size of the Anglican community in Trinity during this period. With a capacity of over 500, St. Paul’s Anglican Church stands as a testament to the importance of the church in Newfoundland during this period.

St. Paul’s is also architecturally valuable for its association with American architect Stephen C. Earle. Born into a Quaker family, Earle was a noted architect in Massachusetts in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Other buildings designed by Earle include similar churches in Digby and Winsor, Nova Scotia.

St. Paul’s Anglican Church is historically valuable for it long history in the community of Trinity. St. Paul’s Church is the third Anglican Church in Trinity. The first church was built in 1730, the second in 1820 and the current church was built on the site of the first in 1892. Furthermore, St. Paul’s Anglican Church is historically valuable for its associations with a number of notable Anglican ministers who served in Trinity. The first regular rector at St. Paul’s Church was Reverend Robert Killpatrick who was sent to Newfoundland as a missionary by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in 1729. Other notable ministers have included the first Anglican Bishop in Newfoundland, Bishop Aubrey Spencer who served in Trinity from 1820-1821.

Source: Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador unnumbered property file: Trinity- St. Paul’s Anglican Church

Character-Defining Elements

All elements that define the building's Gothic Revival design including:
-pointed arch windows and doors;
-tower with spire;
-narrow wood clapboard;
-central aisle and side aisle layout;
-mock Tudor exposed exterior beams;
-use as a church;
-bell tower;
-steep pitch gable roof;
-rose window;
-eaves decorations;
-stained glass windows;
-door and window trim;
-window style and position; and,
-clerestorey windows.



Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Authority

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador

Recognition Statute

Historic Resources Act

Recognition Type

Registered Heritage Structure

Recognition Date


Historical Information

Significant Date(s)


Theme - Category and Type

Building Social and Community Life
Religious Institutions

Function - Category and Type



Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Architect / Designer

Stephen Earle


Caleb Marshall

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador, 1 Springdale Street, St. John's, NL, A1C 5V5

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier




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