Description of Historic Place
The Health Care Clinic is located in the northwest corner of the McNaughton Barracks at CFB Kingston, and is an average sized, modern building that consists of a three-storey, flat-roofed structure configured to form a T-shaped plan. The exterior of the building consists of curtain walls with beige, enameled spandrel panels terminated by sections of light brown brick at the end of each wing, and a long, detached, concrete canopy at the main entrance. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
The Health Care Clinic is a Recognized Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental values:
The Health Care Clinic is associated with the post-World War II expansion of the Canadian Armed Forces in response to the Cold War, and the development of the military base as an autonomous community with its own support functions. As such, the Health Care Clinic at the Kingston Canadian Forces Base (CFB) was the first full service hospital on a Canadian military base. A large building with a strong centralizing presence in the community, the hospital is also associated with the post-World War ii expansion of the McNaughton Barracks.
The Health Care Clinic is a good example of a modern building influenced by the International Style, and is designed by the architectural firm of Shore & Moffat who were specialists in hospital design. Intended to optimize efficiency, the building incorporates leading edge concepts of privacy, communication and safety, and also addresses specific design challenges such as air and climate control and the hazard of static electricity.
The Health Care Clinic reinforces the low-rise institutional character established and set within a park-like setting in the northwest corner of the McNaughton Barracks. The relationship between the building and its associated landscape is essentially unchanged and the original driveways and pathways remain intact.
Alexandra Mosquin, Health Care Clinic (Hospital) B-62, McNaughton Barracks, CFB Kingston, Ontario.
Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 00-043.
Health Care Clinic (Hospital) B-62, McNaughton Barracks, CFB Kingston, Ontario. Heritage Character Statement 00-043.
The following character-defining elements of the Health Care Clinic should be respected, for example:
Its role as an illustration of the post-World War II expansion of the Canadian Armed Forces and the development of the military base as an autonomous community with its own support functions is reflected in the functional design of this full service hospital which was geared towards optimizing efficiency and which incorporated the following four major developments in hospital design:
-the abandonment of large wards in favour of private rooms;
-a monolithic design that consolidated functions to reduce the lines of communication and optimize efficiency
including the use of the site's grade changes to provide separate entrances for separate functions and to
allow light to enter the lower level of the building;
-the use of the pad and tower concept with clinical services grouped together on one or two floors and
patients on the floors above; and,
-the use of double corridors with patient rooms on the outside and various services centralized in the space
between the halls.
The building's modern design sensibilities, competent craftsmanship and good quality materials as manifested in:
-the composition of the exterior materials such as the intersecting, vertical cubic volumes of the brick stair
towers with their horizontal curtain wall elements;
-the honest expression of the structural grid on the exterior of the building;
-the use of curtain wall construction and enamelled panels between the windows;
-the long, detached concrete canopy which is a light, playful form that accentuates the main facade and
entrances to the building; and,
-the use of high quality finishes in the public lobby area including multi-coloured mosaic tile wall finishes,
green slate floors, and wood screens.
The character of the relationship between the building and the surrounding environment as evidenced in:
-the building's location in the northwest corner of the McNaughton Barracks, separate and distinct from the
rest of the base;
-the open relationship between the Health Care Clinic and its generous grounds, in an area where the
buildings are spaced far apart from each other, creating a park-like setting; and,
the relationship between the building's entrances and the exterior grade changes, pathways and driveways.