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Bailey House

150 St. George Street, Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia, B0S, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1991/05/14

Bailey House, Annapolis Royal, NS, front elevation, 2005.; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2005
Front Elevation
Bailey House, Annapolis Royal, NS, rear perspective, 2005.; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2005
Rear Perspective
Bailey House, Annapolis Royal, NS, front entrance, 2005.; Heritage Division, NS Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage, 2005
Front Entrance

Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1770/01/01 to 1770/12/31

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/04/26

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Bailey House is an eighteenth century home located on the lower section of St. George Street, the main thoroughfare in Annapolis Royal, NS., facing the Annapolis Basin. Built in the Georgian style, the two storey house was used as an inn for several decades, and is associated with many of its famous guests. Both the house and property are included in the provincial designation.

Heritage Value

The heritage value of the Bailey House lies in it association with Loyalist settlement in Annapolis Royal, for its use as an inn in the nineteenth century, and for its Georgian architecture.

Bailey House was built circa 1770, however an exact date of construction and its builder is unknown. In 1783 Joseph Totten obtained the property. Totten, a Loyalist and prominent merchant, had recently arrived in Annapolis Royal from the United States. Totten, like many others who were loyal to the British Crown, fled to Nova Scotia during the American Revolution. Local tradition states that during the visit of Prince Edward (father of Queen Victoria) to Nova Scotia in 1794, a ball was held at Bailey House, which the Prince attended. Following Totten’s death, the property was obtained by James Robertson in 1816. Robertson was a justice of the peace in Annapolis Royal. In 1837, the house was purchased by Elizabeth Bailey. Bailey was the widow of Thomas Bailey, and daughter-in-law of the prominent Rev. Jacob Bailey. As a widow, Bailey had to support herself and her three daughters, so she opened the house as an inn, catering to a prominent clientele. Among the visitors was Thomas Chandler Haliburton, famous judge and author. Local tradition also states that the Marquis of Lorne, Governor General of Canada, visited Bailey during an 1880 visit to Nova Scotia.

The house is also valued for its Georgian architecture. Considering the age of Bailey House, it has changed very little since its construction. The house retains its original square floor plan, two storey elevation, low pitched hip roof, two inset chimneys, and a five bay front elevation with a central entrance. The front doorway is adorned with a fan light and classical pediment and pilasters. The narrow central dormer was probably rebuilt at some time in the building’s history. Many interior features also remain. These include the six mantels (four downstairs and two upstairs) that mirror the classical lines of the front doorway. Both main rooms have slightly convex ceilings and cutwork moulding in the front left parlour.

Source: Provincial Heritage Property Files, no. 138, Heritage Division, 1747 Summer Street, Halifax.

Character-Defining Elements

Character-defining elements of the Bailey House related to its Georgian architecture include:

- low pitched hip roof;
- square floor plan;
- two inset chimneys;
- symmetrical five bay front elevation with central entrance;
- front door with fan light, pediment and pilasters;
- central dormer;
- original mantels;
- original interior moulding, trim, doors and hardware;
- wood clapboard siding on front and wood shingles on remaining sides;
- six-over-six sash style windows.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Nova Scotia

Recognition Authority

Province of Nova Scotia

Recognition Statute

Heritage Property Act

Recognition Type

Provincially Registered Property

Recognition Date

1991/05/14

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Peopling the Land
Settlement
Developing Economies
Trade and Commerce
Governing Canada
Military and Defence

Function - Category and Type

Current

Residence
Single Dwelling

Historic

Commerce / Commercial Services
Hotel, Motel or Inn

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Provincial Heritage Property Files, file no. 138, 1747 Summer Street, Halifax.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

00PNS0138

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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