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CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY STATION BUILDING

Empress, Alberta, T0J, Canada

Formally Recognized: 2002/06/28

The principal facade of the Canadian Pacific Railway Station Building Provincial Historic Resource, near Empress (October 2000); Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, 2000
North elevation
The principal facade of the Canadian Pacific Railway Station Building Provincial Historic Resource (1976); Canadian Pacific Railway Company Archives, A 7053-2
East and north elevations
No Image

Other Name(s)

CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY STATION BUILDING
Empress Canadian Pacific Railway Station
CPR Station
Empress C. P. R. Station
C.P.R. Station
Empress CPR Station

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1914/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/07/08

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Canadian Pacific Railway (C.P.R.) Station Building is a one-storey wood frame structure located on a 5.4 hectare site on the north side of the town of Empress which at one time included a number of other buildings which made up the terminal facilities at the Empress divisional point.

Heritage Value

The Canadian Pacific Railway (C.P.R.) Station Building derives its heritage value from the fact that it is the only example in Alberta of a standard Plan X-12 Canadian Pacific Railway station, from its builder C.W. Sharpe and from its association with the C.P.R.'s competitive branch line expansion program under Thomas Shaughnessy who became president in 1899.

Because of the role of Empress as a railway terminal, a station based on standard Plan X-12 was constructed at this location. It is the only example of this standard plan in Alberta. It is distinguished by the utilization of the large windows and by ornamental pressed metal wild roses at the end of the roof ridge cap. The layout of the station incorporates the necessary functions of a divisional point station including: passenger, freight and telegraph facilities as well as office space for the roadmaster who was responsible for the maintenance of the track within the division.

C.W. Sharpe and Sons provided ornamental plasterwork work for many Winnipeg buildings including banks, insurance companies and the Carriage Library and the Legislative Building in Regina.

Empress served as a divisional point on the branch line constructed between Bassano and Swift Current. The choice of the Empress site by the C.P.R. and its designation as a divisional point initiated the development of the community and assured its early development.

Source: Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch (File: Des. 912)

Character-Defining Elements

The character-defining elements of the Canadian Pacific Railway (C.P.R.) Station Building derive from those features which distinguish it as an X-12 standard Canadian Pacific Railway station. These features include:
- its overall form, scale and massing;
- wood shingle clad roof with rolled metal ridge cap;
- three pressed metal wild roses at the ends of the roof ridge cap;
- overhanging eaves with brackets;
- projecting bay on north and east facades along with its fenestration pattern and shingle siding;
- clapboard drop siding and trim wainscoting;
- overall fenestration pattern which includes double-hung and small casement windows with their original frames with muntin bars, storm windows, baggage door and entrance door;
- original floor plan which provided space for ticket and telegraph office, waiting rooms, washrooms, baggage rooms and roadmaster's office;
- ornamental plaster work in offices, waiting rooms and wash rooms with associated trim;
- high ceilings;
- hardwood floors;
- plank flooring in baggage room;
- express room frame wall;
- ceiling framing in baggage rooms.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Alberta

Recognition Authority

Province of Alberta

Recognition Statute

Historical Resources Act

Recognition Type

Provincial Historic Resource

Recognition Date

2002/06/28

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Developing Economies
Communications and Transportation
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Historic

Transport-Rail
Station or Other Rail Facility

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

C.W. Sharpe

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

Alberta Culture and Community Spirit, Historic Resources Management Branch, Old St. Stephen's College, 8820 - 112 Street, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P8 (File: Des. 912)

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

4665-0804

Status

Published

Related Places

n/a

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