Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
The Former Caponier, also known as Building 46, is located at the south end of the ditch separating the counterscarp from the men’s quarters. Its two walls and small turret in the middle of its gable-roof are the only visible elements of this small stone building. It is integrated with the ramparts and pierced with loopholes. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.
Building 46 is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations, and its architectural and environmental value.
Building 46 is one of the best examples illustrating the defence of British North America against the constant threat of invasion by the United States. The Former Caponier is also strongly associated with the development of Québec City as the Citadel had a major impact on the civilian administration during the last century.
Building No. 46 is a very good example of a British military defence building with excellent functional design and high quality craftsmanship. It is distinguished by its functional, solid masonry construction.
The Environmental Value
Designed mostly underground to blend in visually with the fortifications, the Caponier, Building 46, is strategically situated at the south end of the ditch separating counterscarp from the men’s quarters. Its materials and design harmonize well with and reinforces the historical military character of its fortress setting.
Rhona Godspeed, The Citadel, Québec, Québec, Federal Heritage Building Report 89-163; Former Caponiere, Building No.46, The Citadel, Québec, Québec, Heritage Character Statement, 89-163.
The character defining elements of Building 46 should be respected.
Its functional, defensive military design and high quality craftsmanship and materials such as:
-its two visible stone walls laid in regular courses with pierced loopholes and integrated with the ramparts and its sheet metal clad gable roof with small turret in the middle designed to prevent people from moving around.
The manner in which Building 46 reinforces the historical defensive military character of its fort setting located in the Québec Citadel.
Government of Canada
Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy
Classified Federal Heritage Building
Theme - Category and Type
Function - Category and Type
- Military Defence Installation
Architect / Designer
Lieutenant-Colonel John Oldfield
Location of Supporting Documentation
National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec
Cross-Reference to Collection