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Regimental Chapel / Former Powder Magazine, Building 5

Québec, Quebec, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1993/06/29

Corner view of the Former Powder Magazine with a view of the low protective blast wall surrounds the building, 1993.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, C. Rodriguez, 1993.
Corner View
Regimental Chapel / Former Powder Magazine, Building 5 Classified Federal Heritage Building; MDN (1980).
Exterior Photo
Corner view of the rear of the Former Powder Magazine showing the high quality plain stone exterior walls, 1993.; Parks Canada Agency / Agence Parcs Canada, C. Rodriguez, 1993.
Corner View

Other Name(s)

Regimental Chapel / Former Powder Magazine, Building 5
Regimental Chapel / Former Powder Magazine, Building 5
Chapelle régimentaire, ancienne poudrière, bâtiment 5

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1871/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/09/19

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

The Former Powder Magazine is a low, solid-looking, rectangular, stone building with a gabled roof. A low protective blast wall surrounds the building. Two doors at ground level and three openings at gable level pierce the symmetrical façade. Along the plain side elevations are three half barrel-vaulted passages, or traverses, two on the west and one on the east. The designation is confined to the footprint of the building.

Heritage Value

The Former Powder Magazine is a Classified Federal Heritage Building because of its historical associations and architectural and environmental values.

Historical Value
The Former Powder Magazine is a very good example of a structure associated with the theme of the defence of Canada from the military threat of the United States. The Former Powder Magazine was a key defence building and the most important gunpowder storage area in the fortress. It is also associated with the federal government relief efforts of the 1930s and was converted to a chapel with funds obtained under the Public Works Construction Act, 1934. Its original construction, the subsequent economic benefits and the resulting influx of personnel had a significant impact on Quebec. It is now serves the Royal 22nd Regiment as a Chapel.

Architectural Value:
The Former Powder Magazine is a very good example of a powder magazine within a specialized defensive military structure. Features such as the bombproof walls illustrate the need to withstand bombardment. Its specialized features, construction techniques and its use of materials express its excellent functional design.

Environmental Value:
As an integral component of the Citadel of Quebec, the site of the Former Powder Magazine though changed has retained its character. The building reinforces the present character of the coastal defence and military setting of the Citadel and is well known to residents of the Citadel.


Sources:
Rhona Goodspeed, Quebec Citadel, Quebec, Quebec. Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office Report 88-161
Ancienne Poudrière (batiment no.5), Chapelle du Royal 22e Regiment, La Citadelle, Quebec. Heritage Character Statement 88-161

Character-Defining Elements

The following character-defining elements of the Former Powder Magazine should be respected, for example:

Its functional military defence design and good quality materials and craftsmanship as evidenced in

-The low, plain rectangular massing with gabled roof covered in sheet metal.
-The high quality plain stone exterior walls.
-The openings on the main elevation.
-The plain side elevations with three half barrel-vaulted passages, or traverses, two on the west and one on the east.
-The solidly built interior spaces, the simple geometric surfaces of the walls, the two barrel vaults forming the ceiling.
-The low protective blast wall surrounds the building.

The manner in which the Former powder Magazine, Regimental Chapel Building reinforces the military character of the Citadel of Quebec.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Treasury Board Heritage Buildings Policy

Recognition Type

Classified Federal Heritage Building

Recognition Date

1993/06/29

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Function - Category and Type

Current

Religion, Ritual and Funeral
Religious Facility or Place of Worship

Historic

Defence
Military Defence Installation

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 89, 25 Eddy Street, Gatineau, Quebec

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

4608

Status

Published

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