53 Fitzroy Street
53 Fitzroy Street, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, C1A, Canada
Links and documents
Listed on the Canadian Register:
Statement of Significance
Description of Historic Place
53 Fitzroy Street is a wood framed Second Empire style home. Although it is unclear who built the home, it has been associated with various Charlottetown businessmen. The designation encompasses the building’s exterior and parcel; it does not include the building’s interior.
The heritage value of 53 Fitzroy Street lies in its association with prominent members of Charlottetown’s business community; its Second Empire influenced architecture; and its importance to the Fitzroy Street streetscape.
It is unclear when 53 Fitzroy Street was built, but according to tradition in the Douse family, James Phillips Douse lived in the home while he was constructing his home next door to the west of the building in 1865. James Phillips Douse was a shipbuilder who was part of the firm of William Douse & Sons. The Douse family was involved in shipbuilding during the wooden shipbuilding boom on Prince Edward Island.
Frederick LePage, a local merchant, was a later owner of 53 Fitzroy Street. He ran the Glasgow House, a dry goods store located on Queen Street from as early as 1863. His younger brother, William Nelson LePage, was an inventor and worked for Frederick until 1875 when he moved to Massachusetts. William Nelson LePage became famous for developing glues, lubricants, and printing inks. He won a gold medal at the 1880 Fisheries Exhibition in Berlin, Germany for the strongest glue produced from fish by-products. He would go on to win many prizes and establish an extremely successful marketing plan, making LePage's Glue a household name.
A subsequent owner of the home was J.G. Jamieson, a local druggist. Jamieson’s drug store was located on Queen Street. He often advertised his store as the “White Drug Store”. Jamieson stocked a range of medicines, but also carried water wings, bathing caps and according to an advertisement, “a magnificent display of trout flies”.
53 Fitzroy Street is a well preserved example of the Second Empire style in the City. This style reached Canada through Britain and the United States and was used extensively throughout Charlottetown from the late 1860s until approximately 1880. The Second Empire referred to in the style is that of Napoleon III (1852-1870) of France. Generally, a key feature of a Second Empire style home is the Mansard roof, however, the roof of 53 Fitzroy Street is only Mansard on three sides. Douse’s brother, John, added a Mansard roof to another home in Charlottetown, and this one may also be a later addition.
A well preserved home, in an area with many beautiful heritage homes, 53 Fitzroy Street plays an important role in maintaining the heritage ambiance of the Fitzroy Street streetscape.
Sources: Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2
The following Second Empire influenced character-defining elements illustrate the heritage value of 53 Fitzroy Street:
- The massing of the building
- The symmetry of the facade with its clapboard siding
- The contrasting trim running throughout the facade
- The size and placement of the windows including the bay windows of the first floor and the tall two over two windows breaking the roofline
- The style and placement of the doors particularly the centrally placed paneled front door with its transom light
- The roof that is Mansard on three sides only, with its decorative eave brackets, cornice, and gabled dormers
- The size and placement of the chimney
Other character-defining elements include:
- The location of the building on Fitzroy Street
Prince Edward Island
City of Charlottetown
City of Charlottetown Zoning and Development Bylaw
Theme - Category and Type
- Developing Economies
- Trade and Commerce
- Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
- Architecture and Design
Function - Category and Type
- Multiple Dwelling
- Single Dwelling
Architect / Designer
Location of Supporting Documentation
Heritage Office, City of Charlottetown Planning Department, PO Box 98, Charlottetown, PE C1A 7K2
Cross-Reference to Collection