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Dalnavert National Historic Site of Canada

61 Carlton Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3C, Canada

Formally Recognized: 1990/11/16

Dalnavert National Historic Site of Canada; Parks Canada / Parcs Canada, HRS 1101, 1995
Exterior photo
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Other Name(s)

n/a

Links and documents

Construction Date(s)

1895/01/01

Listed on the Canadian Register: 2005/11/24

Statement of Significance

Description of Historic Place

Dalnavert National Historic Site is a two-and-a-half-storey, late-19th-century, red-brick house with a large wooden verandah. It is located on a large double lot in a residential neighbourhood in downtown Winnipeg. The formal recognition consists of the building on its footprint at the time of designation. A one-storey addition to the rear of the house has been added to serve as an orientation centre for Dalnavert Museum.

Heritage Value

Dalnavert was designated a national historic site in 1990 because it is a particularly good example of the Queen Anne Revival style, as expressed in domestic architecture.

Built in 1895 for Sir Hugh John Macdonald and his young family, the house sits on an expansive double lot. A premier of manitoba from 1899 to 1900, Sir Hugh John Macdonald was the son of sir John A. Macdonald. Dalnavert typifies the Queen Anne style in its asymmetrical composition, its use of red brick and contrasting trim, its varied massing and its eclectic detailing. Its rich interior decoration is also typical of this style, as is the wrap-around wooden verandah. The compact plan and relatively simple roofline show the adaptation of the style to a cold climate.

Source: Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, Minute, Fall 1990.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that relate to the heritage value of Dalnavert include:
-its asymmetrical but balanced facade, with a prominent, projecting bay offset by the strong horizontal line of the wrap-around verandah;
-its steeply pitched hip roof, punctuated by: dormer windows; and tall, ribbed chimney stacks;
-elements of the Romanesque Revival style, evident in: the round-arched windows; rounded voussoirs; and brick corbelling under the eaves;
-the use of rich, red-brown brick on exterior walls, contrasted with local Tyndall stone trim and detailing;
-the woodwork of the front entrance and wrap-around verandah;
-adaptations to the Queen Anne style made to accommodate harsh Prairie winters, including: a compact plan with few projections; and relatively simple roofs;
-its centre-hall plan, with a generous centre hall opening onto all the principal rooms, and a service wing at the rear;
-interior finishing details typical of the Queen Anne style, including: an elaborate stairwell; golden oak ceiling panelling; plaster cove ceilings; and stained glass windows;
-surviving original interior finishes and features, including: five stained glass windows; the solarium floor tiles; the electrical and plumbing systems; four fireplaces with tile facing; a single, speaking tube; the spindle arches in the parlour alcove and the second-floor hallway; the spindle screen over the front parlour door; oak wainscoting and ceiling panelling in the dining room; the front staircase balustrade, newel posts and rails;
-gingerbread components on the west side of the verandah;
-the relationship of the building to its spacious grounds and gardens.

Recognition

Jurisdiction

Federal

Recognition Authority

Government of Canada

Recognition Statute

Historic Sites and Monuments Act

Recognition Type

National Historic Site of Canada

Recognition Date

1990/11/16

Historical Information

Significant Date(s)

n/a

Theme - Category and Type

Governing Canada
Politics and Political Processes
Expressing Intellectual and Cultural Life
Architecture and Design

Function - Category and Type

Current

Leisure
Museum

Historic

Residence
Single Dwelling

Architect / Designer

n/a

Builder

n/a

Additional Information

Location of Supporting Documentation

National Historic Sites Directorate, Canadian Inventory of Historic Building Documentation Centre, 5th Floor, Room 525, 25 Eddy Street, Hull, Quebec.

Cross-Reference to Collection

Fed/Prov/Terr Identifier

140

Status

Published

Related Places

Northwest Corner View

Sir Hugh John Macdonald House

Sir Hugh John Macdonald House, also known as Dalnavert, is a majestic 2½-storey Queen Anne Revival-style mansion constructed in 1895 in downtown Winnipeg. Now a carefully restored…

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